The Zapotecs, also known as the Banza (in Valley Zapotec), are one of the indigenous peoples of Mexico. The majority of the Zapotec people live in the state of Oaxaca, which is located in the south of Mexico, although there are other Zapotec communities in the states that border it.
The Zapotec civilisation, also known as Be’ena’a (Zapotec), ″The People,″ existed in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica between the years 700 BC and 1521 AD. This indigenous pre-Columbian culture was known as Zapotec. According to the findings of archeological digs, the people who practiced this civilization first appeared at least 2,500 years ago.
In the late sixth century BCE, the Zapotec civilisation emerged in Oaxaca’s three central valleys and spread throughout the region. There are five separate Zapotec eras, indicated by the numerals Monte Albán 1–5, that may be distinguished (after the place of origin). Zapotecs believed in a pantheon of gods and invented a calendar and a writing system based on logosyllables.
The Essentials In the late sixth century BCE, the Zapotec civilisation emerged in Oaxaca’s three central valleys and spread throughout the region.There are five separate Zapotec eras, indicated by the numerals Monte Albán 1–5, that may be distinguished (after the place of origin).The Zapotecs were polytheists who devised a calendar as well as a logosyllabic writing system, which is still in use today.
A kind of writing known as hieroglyphics was used by the Zapotec people. Writing was utilized by ancient Zapotec aristocracy living in the Central Valleys of Oaxaca to produce a large number of genealogy records. Inscriptions of this kind might be seen on a great number of Monte Alban’s monuments.
The Zapotecs, also known as the ‘Cloud People,’ resided in the southern highlands of central Mesoamerica, more specifically, in the Valley of Oaxaca, which they inhabited from the late Preclassic period until the end of the Classic period. This span of time encompasses the entirety of the Zapotec civilization (500 BCE – 900 CE).
Zapotec speakers make up around 12 percent of Oaxaca’s overall population (3,556,821 in 2005), and they account for approximately 33 percent of the total 1,091,502 indigenous people that live in the state. Veracruz is home to 14,978 more Zapotec speakers, the majority of whom live in neighboring regions of Oaxaca.
Zapotec is an exonym that originates from the Aztec Nahuatl word tzapotcah (singular tzapotcatl), which means ″inhabitants of the place of sapote.″ Zapotec is derived from this word. The phrase Be’ena’a, which may be translated as ‘The People,’ was used by the Zapotec to refer to themselves in a variety of ways.
Around the year 500 B.C., they founded a political and cultural center at Monte Albán, which is located close to the city of Oaxaca in the modern day. Pyramids, temples, and complex tombs together with underground corridors and a ball court may be found in the ancient metropolis. The Zapotec were the first people to construct a writing system as well as a calendar that was written down.
Invaders from Spain were eventually responsible for the demise of the Zapotec people. After suffering military defeat at the hands of the Aztecs in conflicts that took place between 1497 and 1502, the Zapotecs sought to avoid conflict with the Spaniards and, perhaps, to avoid the awful fate that befell the Aztecs.
The Zapotecs in the central lowlands of Oaxaca, Mexico, were conquered by the Spaniards over 500 years ago, in a series of events that shocked the world at the time.
Zapotec (/zaeptk/) is the name given to a set of over fifty closely related indigenous Mesoamerican languages. These languages represent a primary branch of the Oto-Manguean language family and are spoken by the Zapotec people who live in the southwestern-central highlands of Mexico.
After having been occupied by the Aztecs beginning in the 15th century, Oaxaca was subsequently captured by the Spaniards and Hernán Cortés formally classified it as a city in 1529. The Church of Santo Domingo, which was built in the 16th century and features elements of Indian design, is home to some of the city’s 16th-century art and architecture, which has been preserved.
It should not come as a surprise that the Mixtecs and Zapotecs lived in close proximity to one another because both of their languages are members of the Oto-Manguean language family. The Oto-Manguean language family is the largest linguistic group in the state of Oaxaca and in the Mexican Republic, with approximately 174 languages belonging to this family (according to Ethnologue.com).
Mixtec is a Middle American Indian community that lives in the northern and western regions of the state of Oaxaca, as well as in neighboring parts of the states of Guerrero and Puebla in southern Mexico. Mixtec people are known for their distinctive culture and art. In historical periods, both before and during the reign of the Aztecs, the Mixtec held a high level of civilisation.
Beans, gourds such as squash, maize, which is a variety of corn, and chili peppers were some of the food crops that were cultivated by the ancient Zapotecs. The Zapotec diet still includes the items listed above, particularly maize.
Social Control is a term used to describe the ability to exert social control.Official social control tactics are used by the Zapotec of La Paz to keep hostility to a bare minimum.A venue that allows for the airing of grievances is provided by a community council that meets on an almost daily basis.In addition to enabling people to voice their opinions, its primary role is to prevent disputes from destabilizing society before they even arise.
Although the Zapotecs practice Roman Catholicism, they retain a strong belief in a variety of paganism-related spirits, rituals, and mythology, which are sometimes intertwined with Christianity. It is essential to have a compadrazgo, which is a system of ritualized kinship that is created with godparents.