The Nazca civilisation lived on the southern coast of Peru between 200 BCE and 600 CE, and it was centered on the city of Nazca. There were other settlements in the Nazca and other nearby valleys, with the most important being Cahuachi and Ventilla, which served as religious and urban centers, respectively.
Peru’s Nazca culture (also known as Nasca culture) was an archaeological civilisation that existed from around 100 BC to 800 AD along the country’s arid southern coast, in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley, near its arid southern shore.
The Nazca Lines are possibly most known for their depictions of about 70 animals and plants, some of which reach up to 1,200 feet (370 meters) in length. The Nazca Lines are located in southern Peru and were discovered in the early 1900s. A spider, a hummingbird, a cactus plant, a monkey, a whale, a llama, a duck, a flower, a tree, a reptile, and a dog are some examples.
By 750 CE, the Nazca culture had all but succumbed to the ravages of time.Some scientists believe this is due in significant part to the Nazca’s deforestation of the region, which they credit to the Nazca.A number of significant trees, including the Huarango Tree, were cut down in order to create way for cotton and maize growing.As a result, the region became more sensitive to climate change.
The Nazca civilization is well-known for its stunning polychrome pottery, which was decorated with at least 15 different hues. They assimilated all of their knowledge from the civilization of Paracas. They are well-known for being outstanding artisans, and their textile work was extremely detailed, including wonderful designs and vibrant colors.
The creation of the Nazca Lines is attributed to the pre-Inca Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 200 and 600 AD.The lines were inscribed and conserved as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Unesco) in 1994.The Monkey is one of the most stylised motifs seen on the Nazca Lines, and it is also one of the most difficult to interpret.
Researchers have discovered that the Nazca people of Peru, who are famous for their massive line drawings on a desert plateau that are only visible from the air, laid the groundwork for their eventual extinction around the year 500 by deforesting the plain and allowing floodwaters to freely flow through the Rio Ica valley.
The purpose for the creation of the Nazca lines remains a mystery, and it is possible that the actual significance of this intriguing location will continue to evade us for the foreseeable future. Some believe the lines were made for astrological purposes, while others believe they were utilized for religious rites involving water or water-related rituals.
Originally derived from the Caral culture of Lima, Quechua has spread to include certain indigenous communities such as the Chavn and the Lima, as well as Moche Wari and Nazca; to the south, the K’ana, Chunpiwillka, Qanchi, Ayarmaka, and others.
Under the desert heat, the Nazca created underground aqueducts, known as puquios, to provide water for communities and cultivation. A large number of them are still operational today. They also developed intricate fabrics and pottery that were inspired by their agricultural and sacrificial practices, among other things.
A society that flourished on the southern coast of present-day Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (c. 200 bc–ad 600), named after the Nazca Valley but also including the Pisco, Chincha, Ica, Palpa, and Acar valleys, was known as Nazca.
It was used to transport water to both agricultural grounds and inhabited areas in order to offer drinking water to the people living there. The puquios were constructed by the Nazca to provide access to underground water, which was typically located many kilometers distant from where it was required.
The Nazca nobility resided in pyramid-shaped structures built of adobe, with the walls coated with a coating of gypsum or lime to keep the fissures from showing through to the outside world. Instead, the residents of the city resided on the fringes of the metropolis. Their homes were constructed from the trunks of carob trees, which served as the walls.