In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements.
The Spanish explorer and conqueror Francisco Pizarro lays a trap on the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, on November 16, 1532.
This marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of South America.
Conquistador Francisco Pizarro was responsible for the destruction of the Inca leadership and the seizure of the Inca capital.
At this time, the Inca Empire was at its peak size, covering an area of around 690,000 square miles, and the Spanish were aware of the riches and plenty that could be found inside this realm. In the year 1528, Pizarro traveled back to Spain in order to make his request to the Spanish crown for permission to conquer the region and assume the role of governor.
Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.
Conquistador Francisco Pizarro led an army of ten Spaniards against the Incas, which resulted in the Incas’ defeat. The Inca Empire was rapidly brought to its knees because to superior strategy, cutting-edge weaponry, and the combined efforts of indigenous armies. When Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru from Spain, he discovered the country in the midst of a civil war.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
When the conquistador was getting close, Montezuma dispatched messengers to meet him. The Aztecs were captivated by the pale complexion of the Spaniards and the sight of men riding horses, which they referred to as ″beasts with two heads and six legs.″ The locals were rendered speechless and even more terrified as a result of the Spanish’s firing of firearms.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.