The Spanish conquistador Pizarro and his men were greatly assisted in their enterprise by invading during a time when the Inca Empire was in the midst of a war of succession between the princes Huáscar and Atahualpa. This allowed them to take advantage of the chaos that ensued as a result of the conflict.
The Spanish explorer and conqueror Francisco Pizarro lays a trap on the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, on November 16, 1532. Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle.
Hernán Cortés, the leader of the expedition that conquered the Aztecs of Central Mexico, and Francisco Pizarro, the leader of the expedition that conquered the Inca in Peru, are two names of Spaniards that are generally known because they led the conquests of high indigenous civilizations during the era of the conquest. These two names are Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
After conquering the native civilizations of Mexico and South America, Spain amassed great wealth due to the discovery of gold and silver in these regions. However, because there were no significant silver or gold reserves and there was a lot of conflict with the native people, it was difficult to convince people to colonize in that area.
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization aims were to take gold and silver from the Americas, to revive the Spanish economy, and to make Spain a more powerful country. These goals were to be accomplished by the conquest of the Americas. Additionally, Spain had the intention of converting the indigenous people of the Americas to Christianity.
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, who also went by the name Pachacutec, was an Inca emperor who ruled from 1438 until 1471. He was known as an empire builder and has been compared to Philip II of Macedonia due to the rapid and widespread expansion of the Inca state that he oversaw. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui flourished in the 15th century.
In addition to having horses, having good luck, arriving at the right time, and having European illnesses like as smallpox that decimated the local population, the Spanish were successful in their quest for triumph.