Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
One of the most important milestones in the process of Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish, which took place during the Spanish–Mexica War (1519–21).
In 1519, when the Spanish made their first official contact with the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs controlled either directly or indirectly over the majority of what is now the country of Mexico.
Currently as of the 27th of October, 2019 Hernan Cortes, a Spanish conqueror, and his army successfully overthrew the powerful Aztec Empire in the years 1518–1521, making it the first empire of its kind to fall in the New World. He was successful because to a confluence of factors, including luck, bravery, political skill, as well as superior tactics and weaponry.
On August 13, 1521, a combination army of Spanish soldiers and local Tlaxcalan warriors headed by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger seized the emperor Cuauhtémoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This event marked the culmination of the Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire.
The fall of Tenochtitlan is considered to represent the beginning of Spanish control in the central region of Mexico. The Spanish built Mexico City atop the remains of Tenochtitlan, which is now the country’s capital. One of the most important things to happen in the course of global history was when the Spanish invaded and conquered the Aztec empire.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
After routing a significant portion of the Aztec army at Otumba, the Spaniards eventually located and reestablished contact with their Tlaxcaltec allies. Cortés made his way back to Tenochtitlan in May of 1521, and after a siege that lasted for three months, the city was taken. The Aztec empire was destroyed as a direct result of this triumph.
The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. To begin, it directly caused the death of a significant number of its victims, mainly newborns and young children.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Location||Western South America|