Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.
Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
The first part of the 16th century saw the Spanish conquest of the Aztec, Incan, and Mayan empires. This brought all of the great civilizations of the Americas under Spanish rule.
In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Location||Western South America|
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
The Spanish conquest of the Maya was a drawn-out conflict that took place during the Spanish colonization of the Americas. During this conflict, the Spanish conquistadors and their allies gradually incorporated the territory of the Late Postclassic Maya states and polities into the colonial Viceroyalty of New Spain. This was known as the ″Spanish conquest of the Maya.″
In the Maya lowlands during the years 1524–1525, Hernán Cortés. After the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1524, Hernán Cortés led an expedition to Honduras over land, cutting across Acalan in southern Campeche and the Itza kingdom in what is now the northern Petén Department of Guatemala. This expedition took place shortly after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
The Olmec religious practices of sacrifice, cave rituals, pilgrimages, offerings, ball-courts, pyramids, and an apparent awe of mirrors were also passed on to all subsequent civilizations in Mesoamerica until the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century CE. This occurred up until the time that the Spanish Conquest occurred.
Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle. The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was finally put to death.
At this time, the Inca Empire was at its peak size, covering an area of around 690,000 square miles, and the Spanish were aware of the riches and plenty that could be found inside this realm. In the year 1528, Pizarro traveled back to Spain in order to make his request to the Spanish crown for permission to conquer the region and assume the role of governor.
The Inca were able to field vast armies that numbered in the tens or hundreds of thousands and were led by skillful generals and veteran troops. The Spanish were vastly outnumbered by their adversaries, but with to their horses, armor, and weaponry, they were able to gain an advantage that was insurmountable for their foes.