South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
The Incas were a sophisticated people that lived in South America. Their territory covered what is now Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and even some of Argentina and Chile’s northern regions. They were known for their complex culture. Cusco, in present-day Peru, was nonetheless the site of the Inca capital.
Empire of the Incas Cusco served as the administrative, political, and military headquarters for the whole empire from its location there. The Inca civilisation emerged in the mountains of Peru around the beginning of the 13th century, and it lasted until the Spanish conquest of 1572, when the final Inca fortress was taken over.
The Incas were an ancient civilisation that flourished in South America and were founded by Amerindians of the Quechua ethnic group.In the year 1400 A.D., they were a tiny tribe that lived in the highlands.One hundred years later, in the early 16th century, the Incas came to power and formed the great Inca Empire by conquering and controlling the biggest empire that the Americas had ever seen.
There are no completely indigenous Incans left alive today; these people were almost entirely wiped off by the Spanish, who slaughtered them in warfare or caused them to die of illness.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
The Inca civilization is famous for many things, including the creation of the largest empire that the Americas have ever seen, the development of innovative agricultural techniques, and the development of art and architecture that were notable for their unique combination of geometric stonework and natural scenery.
The Inca Empire, which had its capital in Cusco, covered an area that stretched from what is now Chile to what is now Colombia. The Inca culture was highly developed, and the empire’s varied climates allowed for the cultivation of around seventy distinct plant species.
Archaeological Site of Chavin Complex Chavn culture is one of the oldest pre-Inca cultures in Peru. Chavn people lived in the northern Andean highlands from approximately 900 B.C. to around 200 B.C., and their influence spread to the northern coastal-dwelling populations as well. Chavn culture flourished from approximately 900 B.C. to approximately 200 B.C.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
Although they probably only numbered between 15,000 and 40,000 in total, the Incas ruled over a population of over 10 million people. This is a relatively small fraction of the entire population of the Inca Empire.
The Tiwanaku civilization left its mark on the Andes long before the Inca Empire came to power in South America.Another civilisation flourished in what are now sections of Bolivia, northern Chile, and southern Peru hundreds of years before the Inca Empire advanced down the Pacific coast of South America.This civilization flourished in areas that are now located in Bolivia, northern Chile, and southern Peru.
The Maya were, by a significant margin, the oldest people on Earth. By the year 1000 BCE, the culture had become fully entrenched, which was more than 2,000 years before the time of the Incas and Aztecs. The Maya and the Aztecs each held sway over portions of the territory that is now Mexico.