Of all the ancient civilizations that once thrived in Mesoamerica, the Maya are undoubtedly the most well-known. Around 2600 B.C., they made their first appearance in the Yucatán region of what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras. They grew to prominence around the year 250 A.D. in these areas.
Chiapas and Yucatán, both of which are now a part of southern Mexico, as well as parts of Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, as well as Nicaragua, were all occupied by the Mayan civilisation at one point or another. Maya communities can be found in the same location even in the modern day.
The Maya and Aztec empires are two of the most well-known ancient civilizations in the world. Both of these empires arose in what is now known as Mesoamerica, which is comprised of Mexico, Central America, and the area in between.
The Classic Maya civilisation encompassed over 40 towns, the largest of which were Tikal, Uaxactn, Copán, Bonampak, Dos Pilas, Calakmul, Palenque, and Rio Bec. The population of each of these cities ranged from 5,000 to 50,000 people at its peak. At its height, the Maya population may have numbered as many as ten million people or as little as two million.
Where exactly did the Mayan Empire call its home? The Maya once inhabited the area of the Yucatan Peninsula that is today divided among the countries of Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, and Guatemala. They paid homage to a plethora of gods and goddesses, having one to commemorate nearly every month, day, and year. You just finished learning 21 different phrases!
The Maya were an indigenous people who lived in Mexico and Central America. Between 1345 and 1521 CE, the Aztecs controlled much of northern Mesoamerica. Meanwhile, the Inca prospered in ancient Peru between 1400 and 1533 CE and spread over western South America.
The Maya were, by a significant margin, the oldest people on Earth. By the year 1000 BCE, the culture had become fully entrenched, which was more than 2,000 years before the time of the Incas and Aztecs. The Maya and the Aztecs each held sway over portions of the territory that is now Mexico.
Mexico is the location of the Mayan civilisation’s oldest and biggest known structure, which was erected by the Mayan people. It is a massive elevated platform that is 1.4 kilometers in length and is given the name Aguada Fénix.
Tikal was the most populous Mayan city at its peak between the years 200 and 900 AD, when its population was believed to range between 100,000 and 200,000 people. There are six enormous temple pyramids to be found at Tikal. The tallest structure, known as Temple-pyramid IV, stands around 73 meters (230 feet) tall and was completed in the year 720 AD.
Around 750 BC, the first Maya towns came into existence, and by 500 BC, these settlements had monumental architecture, including enormous temples with intricate stucco façades. By the third century B.C., the Maya civilization had already adopted the use of hieroglyphic writing.
There is material in the codex that pertains to astronomical and astrological tables, as well as references to many religions, the four seasons of the earth, disease, and medicine. In addition to that, it provides details on the conjunctions of planets and moons.