Of all the ancient civilizations that once thrived in Mesoamerica, the Maya are undoubtedly the most well-known. Around 2600 B.C., they made their first appearance in the Yucatán region of what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras. They grew to prominence around the year 250 A.D. in these areas.
The Maya of the past. The Maya inhabited a huge region that stretched from the southeast corner of Mexico through the present-day countries of Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador in Central America. The beginnings of the Mayan culture may be traced back to the Pre-Classic era, circa 1000 BCE. The Mayan civilization reached its pinnacle between the years 300 and 900 CE.
In contrast to the more aggressive and bloodthirsty indigenous civilizations of central Mexico, the Maya were supposed to be completely engrossed in their religious and cultural endeavors.This was seen as a distinct advantage for them.However, the gradual decipherment of practically all of the Mayan hieroglyphic writing has offered a picture of Mayan society and culture that is more accurate, but one that is less enlightening.
During this time period, the Olmec civilisation, which was located to the west of the Maya in what are now the states of Veracruz and Tabasco in Mexico, most certainly had an impact on the Maya culture. According to what Coe stated, it’s possible that the Olmec people were the ones who first came up with the idea for the long-count calendar that the Maya would later become famous for.
The Maya civilisation at its apex of development. Archaeologists refer to the era between 250 and 900 AD as the ″Classic″ period. During this time, multiple Maya towns developed over much of Central America. According to Coe, the ancient Maya achieved their zenith between these two dates.