The Nazca and Mochica or Moche cultures are the two most prominent and influential civilizations that existed during this time period. In pursuit of water, according to the Nazca. Between the years 100 BC and 800 AD, inhabitants of the Nazca civilisation made their home in the Nazca Valley, which is located about 250 miles (or 400 kilometers) south of Lima.
Controlled territory and sphere of influence exercised by the Nazca. The Nazca culture, also known as the Nasca culture, is an archaeological civilisation that thrived from around 100 BC to 800 AD in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. This culture was located along the arid coast of Peru’s southern coast.
The Moche civilization (also known as the Mochica culture or the Early, Pre- or Proto-Chim) flourished in northern Peru with its capital located close to where Moche, Trujillo, Peru is located today from about 100 to 700 AD during the Regional Development Epoch. Other names for this culture include the Early, Pre- or Proto-Chim.
The Moche Civilization was a technologically advanced warrior culture that dominated regions of Peru around the Cerro Blanco Mountains in South America. These regions were located in the country of Peru. They were divided into two tribes, each of which spoke a distinct language that was referred to as Muchic or Quingan.
The Nazca people are famous for their geometries, lines, and animal forms that they etched into the ground of the desert.These are known as the Nazca Lines.Similar to the Moche, the demise of the Nazca was probably brought on by shifts in the natural environment.
The Moche civilisation, also known as the Mochica civilization, was an Andean culture that thrived along the northern coast of what is now Peru from the 1st to the 8th century ce. It is believed that the magnificent site of Moche, which is located in the valley of the same name as the river, served as the capital or principal city of the Moche peoples. The name derives from this location.
Nazca is the name given to a culture that existed along the southern coast of what is now Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (sometime between 200 BC and 600 AD). This culture was named after the Nazca Valley, although it also included the Pisco, Chincha, Ica, Palpa, and Acar valleys. Polychrome designs are common on Nazca ceramics.
The Nazca culture, also known as the Nasca culture, is an archaeological civilisation that thrived from around 100 BC to 800 AD in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. This culture was located along the arid coast of Peru’s southern coast.
Nazca (/nsk, -k/; occasionally written Nasca; Quechua: Naska) is the name of both a city and a network of valleys located on the southern coast of Peru. It is also the name of the biggest town in the province of Nazca, which is still inhabited. The Nazca civilization thrived in this region between the years 100 BC and AD 800, and it is from that culture that the city gets its name.
The Chavn civilization was the first well developed society in pre-Columbian Peru. It thrived between roughly 900 and 200 before the common era. During this historical period, the artistic impact of the Chavn culture expanded over what is now the northern and central regions of what is now Peru.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
It is believed that the pre-Incan Nazca civilisation, which thrived in the region between the years 200 and 600 AD, was responsible for the formation of the Nazca Lines. The lines were given the status of a World Heritage Site by Unesco in the year 1994 and have been under its protection ever since. One of the Nazca Lines’ patterns with one of the most elaborate stylizations is the monkey.
According to the findings of researchers, the Nazca people of Peru, who are famous for their enormous line drawings on a desert plateau that are fully visible only from the air, set the stage for their collapse around the year 500 by deforesting the plain, which allowed flood-free rein through the Rio Ica valley. These drawings are only fully visible from the air.
The depictions of around 70 different animals and plants in the Nazca Lines, some of which are as long as 370 meters (1,200 feet), are perhaps what bring the most attention to this archaeological site. Some examples are a dog, a flower, a tree, a reptile, a monkey, a whale, a llama, a spider, a hummingbird, and a plant that looks like a cactus.
The Inca were once a little tribe who gradually expanded their territory and influence to include the entire coast of South America, from Colombia to Argentina. People remember them for the contributions they made to religion and architecture, as well as the well-known road network they established throughout the region.
Around the year 750 C.E., the Nazca civilisation had already pretty nearly collapsed.Some authorities believe that this might be explained, at least in part, by the Nazca people’s practice of cutting down trees in the region.It was necessary to clear space for the growing of cotton and maize, thus several significant trees, including the Huarango Tree, were cut down.
South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca were also great fishers, and as a result, they discovered a significant quantity of food. Nazca commerce was of fundamental significance since it was able to satisfactorily supply the requirements of people who were frequently subjected to protracted droughts.
Rafael Reichert captured the finding of a set of nine trophy skulls that had been unearthed at Estaqueria in 1979. The location of the discovery was in the Nasca Valley.