Zapotec is the name given to a Middle American Indian people that now resides in the eastern and southern regions of Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
The Zapotecs were a civilisation that lived a sedentary lifestyle and built their homes out of stone and mortar. They lived in cities and villages. They used hieroglyphics as a manner of recording the most significant events in their history, and in battle, they wore a cotton armor. It has been suggested that they are responsible for the well-known remains of Mitla.
Over the course of several decades, a significant number of people of Zapotec heritage immigrated to the United States. These individuals continue to operate their own social organizations in the regions of Los Angeles and Central Valley in the state of California.
Both the historical core of Oaxaca City and the archaeological site of Monte Alban were included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1987. Monte Alban is an archaeological site that is located on a hilltop about 4 miles to the southwest of Oaxaca City.
Zapotec (/zaeptk/) is the name given to a set of over fifty closely related indigenous Mesoamerican languages. These languages represent a primary branch of the Oto-Manguean language family and are spoken by the Zapotec people who live in the southwestern-central highlands of Mexico.
The Zapotecs created a calendar and a logosyllabic system of writing in which each syllable of their language was represented by a distinct symbol in the written form. It is believed that this writing system was one of the first writing systems used in Mesoamerica. It was likely a forerunner of the writing systems that were established by the Maya, Mixtec, and Aztec civilizations.
After having been occupied by the Aztecs beginning in the 15th century, Oaxaca was subsequently captured by the Spaniards and Hernán Cortés formally classified it as a city in 1529. The Church of Santo Domingo, which was built in the 16th century and features elements of Indian design, is home to some of the city’s 16th-century art and architecture, which has been preserved.
All of the indigenous languages of Mexico that belong to the Zapotecan language family are referred to together under the name ″Zapotec.″ The majority of these languages are spoken in the state of Oaxaca.
The Zapotecs, also known as the ‘Cloud People,’ resided in the southern highlands of central Mesoamerica, more specifically, in the Valley of Oaxaca, which they inhabited from the late Preclassic period until the end of the Classic period. This span of time encompasses the entirety of the Zapotec civilization (500 BCE – 900 CE).
Zapotec is an exonym that originates from the Aztec Nahuatl word tzapotcah (singular tzapotcatl), which means ″inhabitants of the place of sapote.″ Zapotec is derived from this word. The phrase Be’ena’a, which may be translated as ‘The People,’ was used by the Zapotec people to refer to themselves in a variety of ways.
Around the year 1325 C.E., the people who would later be known as the Aztecs or the Mexica established Tenochtitlan as the capital of their empire. It is said that the Mexica settled in the area that is now known as Tenochtitlan after being instructed by their god Huitzilopochtli to move from their original homeland of Aztlan.
The terraces, dams, canals, pyramids, and artificial mounds of Monte Albán were physically chiseled out of the mountain over the course of 1,500 years by a series of peoples. These peoples included the Olmecs, the Zapotecs, and the Mixtecs. These structures are the emblems of a holy topography.
T least 15 distinct deities. Among the most prominent of their gods were those related with fertility of the land, such as Cocijo, the deity of rain, and Pitao Cozobi, the god of grain.