After the conquests of Emperor Huayna Capac, who ruled from 1493 to roughly 1527, the empire reached its zenith and its highest point of prosperity. At its height, the empire comprised up to 12 million people and stretched from the present-day border of Ecuador and Colombia to within roughly 80 kilometers (50 miles) of the city of Santiago, which is located in modern-day Chile.
Before the advent of Europeans in 1492, the Inca Empire was the most powerful and expansive civilization in what is now the western hemisphere. It likewise had a brief lifespan, with its zenith occurring between the years 1438 and 1532. In spite of this, over that period of time, it managed to leave an indelible mark on the people of the Americas.
During the height of the Empire’s power, it held territorial control over parts of Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. The entirety of its chronology occurred roughly between the years 1200 and 1500 AD. Just 300 years during which time so much was accomplished.
Between the years 1400 and 1533, the ancient Inca civilisation thrived in what is now Peru. It was finally able to spread all the way across western South America, making it the greatest empire that had ever existed in the Americas as well as the largest in the world at the time.
The Inca Empire reached its zenith between the years 1471 and 1525, beginning with the expansionist and empire-building reigns of Pachacuti and Huayna Capac and ending with the death of Huayna Capac in 1525, which was followed by the rapid decline of the empire as a result of civil war, disease, and the Spanish Conquest.
Pizarro then marched on Cuzco, and the Inca capital fell without a fight in the month of November 1533. Spanish soldiers had arrived at Cajamarca earlier that year and had been stationed there since.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
They were responsible for a number of remarkable innovations, including the construction of roads and bridges, such as suspension bridges, which rely on thick cables to support the walkway over the water. Their method of communication was known as quipu, and it consisted of a network of threads and knots that logged information.
Since the average Inca person stood around 1.6 meters tall, researchers hypothesized that Inca ell (arms) may have been between 40 and 45 centimeters.
Were the Incas known to practice peace? Before conquering an area, the Incas tried to assimilate its inhabitants peacefully through trade and other diplomatic means. On the other hand, in the event that they encountered opposition, they would integrate the new region by coercion. The harshness of their legislation was unparalleled.