(picture may be enlarged by clicking on it) It is commonly believed that the Mayan calendar will come to an end on December 21, 2012; however, this date appears to have very little importance to the real Mayan calendar.Despite this, it has come to hold a great deal of mythical significance for the period in which we live.Wikipedia, that excellent repository of contemporary knowledge, states that:
This date was regarded as the end-date of a 5,126-year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, and festivities took place on the 21st of December, 2012 to commemorate the event in the countries that were a part of the Maya civilization (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador), with the main events taking place at Chichén Itzá in Mexico.
In 2012, a ″Great Cycle″ of the Long Count component of the Mayan calendar came to a conclusion, which led some people to assume that the world would end at 11:11 UTC on December 21, 2012. This caused the Mayan calendar to get widespread attention in 2012. The subsequent excitement and hype generated by the media came to be known as the ″2012 phenomenon.″
In Yucatec Mayan, the holy Maya calendar is referred to as Tzolk’in, while in K’iche’ Mayan, it is named Chol Q’ij. This calendar does not have the months broken up in any particular way. Instead, it is constructed using a sequence of twenty day glyphs in conjunction with the digits one through thirteen, which ultimately results in 260 distinct days.
The majority of historians agree that 4 Ahau 8 Cumku, which most likely occurred on August 11, 3114 bce, was the base date that the Maya utilized for the beginning of the ″Long Count″ and the first ″Great Cycle,″ a span of 5,125 years that would conclude on December 21, 2012 ce. Erik Gregersen was responsible for the most current revisions and updates to this article.
The Maya Long Count calendar also counts days in chronological order, beginning with the fabled day of creation, 220.127.116.11.0 4 Ajaw 8 Kumk’u, and continuing forth. This day is equivalent to August 11 in the year 3114 BCE. This picture displays the creation date written in hieroglyphs as it is seen on Stela C at Quiriguá, which is located in Guatemala.
The majority of historians believe that 4 Ahau 8 Cumku, which most likely occurred on August 11, 3114 bce, was the base date that the Maya utilized for the beginning of the ″Long Count″ and the first ″Great Cycle,″ a span of 5,125 years that would conclude on December 21, 2012 ce.
The length of a year measured in Tzolkin was 260 days, whereas the length of a year measured in Haab was 365 days. The number 18,980, or 365 multiplied by 52, is the smallest number that can be divided equally by both 260 and 365; this was referred to as the Calendar Round. What specifically is the Haab?
|1. Pop||7. Yaxkin||13. Mac|
|6. Xul||12. Ceh||18. Cumku|
Does the Mayan calendar reach its conclusion in the year 2012? A: The calendar that you have hanging on your kitchen wall will continue to function even after December 31, just as the Mayan calendar will continue to function even after December 21, 2012.
As was the case with the Mexica, the Maya used at least two calendars to calculate their dates. One calendar covered 365 days, while the other covered 260 days. As a result, each day had two names, and the names would reset after every 52 years.
The calendar was also used to indicate the time of events that occurred in the past and those that will occur in the future.For instance, the dates of events that took place 90 million years ago are recorded on certain Maya monuments, while other monuments make predictions about events that will take place 3,000 years in the future.In the same way as our modern astrological zodiac does, the calendar contained forecasts of the future.
As a result of their careful study of the night sky, the Egyptians were the first people to calculate yearly periods. They were also the first people to divide time into 12 segments based on the changing of the seasons. In the third century B.C., the Greek historian and geographer Herodotus wrote of the abilities of those known as ″time masters.″
The Haab consists of 18 months, each of which is comprised of 20 days, and one month, which is comprised of 5 days.This month with just five days is known as ″Wayeb.″ Therefore, 365 days is equal to 18 times 20 plus 5.The hieroglyphs that represent each of the nineteen months of the Haab calendar may be seen in the image to the right.The Maya used many glyphs to symbolize each of these months, especially the longer ones.
The most significant distinction between the Mayan calendar and the Aztec calendar is that the former specifies 11th August 3114 as the day, month, and year when the world was created, while the latter specifies 1710 as the first year when the world was made. This is the primary difference between the two calendars.
The Mayan prediction that the end of the world will occur on December 21, 2012 according to their calendar served as the inspiration for the plot of the movie. Solar flares would bring the extinction of all life on earth as well as the destruction of the planet itself. This phenomena was adapted for the big screen by ″2012.″
Something unknown occurred before the end of the eighth century and continued until the beginning of the ninth century, during which time it shook the Maya civilization to its very core. By the year 900 A.D., all of the Classic towns that were located in the southern lowlands had been deserted, which meant that the Maya civilisation in that area had come to an end.
Where exactly did the Maya call home? Chiapas and Yucatán, both of which are now a part of southern Mexico, as well as parts of Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, as well as Nicaragua, were all occupied by the Mayan civilisation at one point or another. Maya communities can be found in the same location even in the modern day.
In addition to this, the Maya followed the movement of Jupiter and Saturn using their calculations, and they used observations to determine when lunar eclipses would occur.As the Maya linked significant events with the location of the planets in the night sky, it is possible that the regular motion of the planets served as the foundation for a significant portion of the Maya religious calendar.
The Maya held the number thirteen in high regard since it was the number of their primordial gods.Another sacred number was the number 52, which stood for the total number of years that comprised a ″bundle,″ a unit that was conceptually comparable to our century.Another significant number for the Maya was 400, which represented the number of gods that presided over the night.The Maya culture utilized head glyphs as a form of numerical writing as well.
To answer your question, Braswell, the Maya calendar used a solar year that consisted of 365 days; they did not employ the use of leap days or leap years. Since the Maya calendar did not have any provisions for leap years, its readings were consistently off by about a quarter of a day each year.