An emperor who was known as the Sapa Inca ruled over the Inca people. They constructed a great number of roads and bridges over the entirety of their empire to facilitate simple movement from one of their villages to another. The advent of the conquering Spaniards in 1532 AD signified the end of their dominion, which meant that the empire only lasted for around 100 years until it collapsed.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
The Spanish used the phrase as an ethnic term referring to all subjects of the empire rather than just the ruling elite. The term is transliterated as Inca in Spanish. As a result, the name of the nation that they discovered and ultimately conquered was given the name Imperio inca, which translates to ″Inca Empire.″
The territory controlled by the Inca Empire extended into present-day Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, among other contemporary nations. In the time before the arrival of the Spaniards, the Inca were the representatives of the regal governing elite. Both the ruling class and the subjects were referred to by the moniker when it was adopted by the Spanish.
Even after the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca Empire continued to expand throughout its territory. The Spanish queen gave Francisco Pizzaro and his band of conquistadors her royal blessing before they set out to conquer the Inca Empire.
The Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro were responsible for the death of Atahuallpa, the 13th and final emperor of the Inca empire. He was strangled to death. The execution of Atahuallpa, the last free ruling monarch, brought an end to the Inca civilisation after it had existed for three hundred years.
The predominant theory holds that the Inca were ultimately vanquished as a result of inferior weaponry, a strategy known as ″open combat,″ sickness, internal turmoil, the daring tactics of the Spanish, and the seizure of their monarch.
Between the years 1438 and 1533, the Incas successfully absorbed a significant chunk of western South America, concentrated on the Andean Mountains. This was accomplished via a variety of means, including military conquest and peaceful absorption.
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle. The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was finally put to death.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
In the year 1493 A.D., Huayna Capac, Tupac’s son, is elevated to the position of Emperor. Under Huayna Capac’s rule, the Inca Empire will reach its pinnacle of power and influence. 1525 AD – Emperor Huayna Capac dies from a pandemic. It is likely that the Spanish conquistadors carried smallpox with them when they arrived.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
Marriage was not an exception to this rule. The average age of marriage for Inca men was twenty years old, while the average age of marriage for Inca women was sixteen.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.