The Aztecs created an empire that spanned most of the central Mexican highlands somewhere between the years 1345 and 1521 A.D. The Aztecs, on the other hand, did not begin as a very strong people. In the beginning, the Nahuatl-speaking peoples of Mexico’s northern region, which they referred to as Aztlan, were nothing more than destitute hunter-gatherers.
However, this was not the final encounter between the parties involved. Between the middle of May in 1521 until the 13th of August of that same year, Spanish conquistadors besieged the Aztec city in order to force its inhabitants to submit. They received assistance from Texcoco, a former member of the Triple Alliance.
Only the Aztec’s archrivals in Tlaxcala, Huexotzinco, and the Purépecha, as well as the Mixtec kingdoms of Tututepec and Yopitzinco, which were of no importance to the Aztecs, remained unconquered. Therefore, when the Spaniards came in 1519, the Aztec Empire included its greatest geographical area ever seen.
The Aztecs created an empire that spanned most of the central Mexican highlands somewhere between the years 1345 and 1521 A.D. At the height of their power, the Aztecs exercised authority over an area that encompassed more than 80,000 square miles, spanning from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico to the coast of the Pacific Ocean and extending south into what is now Guatemala.
By the 13th of August in 1521, following a bloody struggle that lasted for two years, the Spanish had successfully gained control of Tenochtitlan. The conquest of it marked the beginning of the collapse for the Aztec empire.
Itzcóatl was the ruler of the Aztec Empire during the years 1428 and 1440. Tenochtitlan, which he ruled, entered into a three-way alliance with the neighboring realms of Texcoco and Tlacopan during his reign. By forming this alliance, the Aztecs were able to extend their kingdom and establish themselves as the preeminent force in the central region of Mexico.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
Cortez and his expedition were successful in bringing down the Aztec Kingdom due to a combination of three factors: the weakness of that empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Hernán Cortés (1485-1547), a Spanish conquistador, led a small army to victory over the Aztecs in Mexico not long after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519. Cuba was colonized by the Spanish.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
Definition. During its height, the Aztec Empire (which existed roughly from 1345 to 1521), controlled the majority of what is now considered to be northern Mesoamerica.
In Aztec sites, turquoise from the Pueblo people has been discovered. In the American Southwest, cacao beans and feathers from the Aztec culture have been discovered. All of this points to the existence of trade over great distances. The distance between the two cultures was around 1,200 miles, which is comparable to the gap that existed between Rome and Egypt.