The Aztecs (/aeztks/) were a Mesoamerican society that thrived in central Mexico during the post-classic era, roughly between the years 1300 and 1521.
The Aztec Empire, which existed from from 1345 to 1521, at its peak controlled much of the territory in the north of Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to subjugate the nations that bordered their territory, which allowed Aztec kings like Montezuma to spread Aztec values and religion throughout the entirety of Mexico.
During the time of the Early Aztec civilization, the altepeme were a time of both expansion and rivalry. Even when the Nahuas established their empire in 1428 and began their goal of expansion via conquest, the altepetl continued to serve as the preeminent form of organization at the level of the local community.
The invasion of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish.
|Date||February 1519 – 13 August 1521 against the Aztec Empire, after 1522 – 17 February 1530 against the Tarascan state|
|Location||Aztec Empire and other indigenous states, (modern-day Mexico)|
|Result||Spaniard and indigenous allied victory|
Acamapichtli was the first Emperor of the Aztecs.He began his reign in 1375 and continued it for the next 19 years.Itzcoatl was the fourth Aztec emperor.He was responsible for the conquest of the Tepanec people and the establishment of the Triple Alliance.Montezuma I: During Montezuma I’s reign, the Aztecs rose to become the preeminent force within the Triple Alliance, and they also enlarged their territory.
The Aztec empire was composed of a number of city-states that were collectively referred to as altepetl. Each altepetl was governed by a superior judge and administrator, as well as a supreme leader known as a tlatoani (cihuacoatl). The tlatoani of the Aztec empire’s capital city of Tenochtitlan, also known as Huey Tlatoani, held the position of Emperor of the Aztec empire.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
The Aztecs, now headed by Cuauhtemoc, ultimately capitulated after 93 days of struggle on the fatal day of August 13, 1521 CE. They had run out of food and were being devastated by the smallpox illness, which had been introduced to the Aztecs by one of the Spaniards previously. The city of Tenochtitlan was pillaged, and its monuments were obliterated.
Cortez and his expedition were successful in bringing down the Aztec Kingdom due to a combination of three factors: the weakness of that empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
An exploration mission to find gold on the North American continent was what kicked off the process of gaining control of Mexico. Cortés led around 450 troops to Mexico in 1519 and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, which was the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco. Cortés arrived in Mexico from Veracruz.
The parents of the prospective groom were the ones who started the marriage process in Aztec culture. After speaking with the larger kinship group, the prospective groom’s and bride’s parents would contact a professional matchmaker, known in Classical Nahuatl as ah atanzah. The matchmaker would then approach the prospective bride’s family.
Even though Montezuma was victorious, the rebellions were nonetheless detrimental to the empire. Because of this instability, Cortés was able to make alliances with various indigenous peoples, most notably the Tlaxcalans and the Totonac, both of which had been Aztec adversaries in the past.
Many people consider Ahuitzotl, the eighth monarch of the Aztecs, who ruled from 1486 to 1502 to be the best Aztec emperor. He governed from 1486 until 1502.