The decline of the Aztec empire, often known as the Aztecs’ rise and fall as an empire When a very small troop of conquistadors headed by Cortés arrived in Mexico in 1519, it marked the beginning of the end for the Aztec empire. The ruler of the Aztec people, Moctezuma II, had the belief that Cortés was a deity.
During its height, the Aztec Empire (which existed roughly from 1345 to 1521), controlled the majority of what is now considered to be northern Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to subjugate the nations that bordered their territory, which allowed Aztec kings like Montezuma to spread Aztec values and religion throughout the entirety of Mexico.
The Ascension and Decline of the Aztec Empire. The development of agriculture, culture, and military strategy were the three pillars on which the Aztec empire built its ascendancy. Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital city, was located after an extended period of time spent looking for it. This magnificent metropolis served as the foundation for the expansion into a formidable empire.
The conquest of Mexico by the Spanish in the early 16th century brought an abrupt end to the Aztec empire. The conquest and subjugation of the Aztec people by the Spanish took place in a convoluted process that lasted for only a few years but featured a large cast of characters.
In the early 13th century, a people known as the Aztecs settled in Mesoamerica, which is the name given to the south-central region of pre-Columbian Mexico. Their arrival happened shortly after the collapse of the once-powerful Toltec civilisation in Mesoamerica, which they may have helped to bring about themselves.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The decline of the Toltec empire, which occurred in 1150, marked the beginning of the Aztec empire’s ascent to power. Tula, which was located to the north of what would later become Tenochtitlan, was where the Toltec people first built their state. Their kingdom eventually included the majority of central Mexico.
Fall of Tenochtitlan
|Date||May 26 – August 13, 1521 (75 days)|
|Location||Tenochtitlan, present-day Mexico City, Mexico|
|Result||Tlaxcallan and Spanish victory Fall of the Aztec Empire|
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
War, commercial expansion, and the payment of tribute were the three driving forces behind the creation of the Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
The horrific sacrifices, religion, plagues, and the tactics utilized by the Spanish against the Aztecs were the four key causes that were visible in the demise of the Aztecs..
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
What events transpired in the immediate aftermath that ultimately proved to be the undoing of the Aztec empire? Hernan Cortes forms an alliance with Tiaxcala, an adversary of the Aztec people. They launch an assault against the empire.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
Death often followed in three or four days. Within five years as many as 15 million people — an estimated 80 percent of the population – were wiped off in an epidemic the locals termed “cocoliztli”. The term implies plague in the Aztec Nahuatl language. Its cause, however, has been questioned for about 500 years.