In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
Empire of the Aztecs Since 1428, these three city-states dominated the region in and around the Valley of Mexico until 1521, when they were vanquished by the combined forces of Spanish conquistadors and their local allies fighting under the command of Hernán Cortés.
Located in Mexico City, the Templo Mayor is an archaeological site that dates back to the Aztec civilization. Photograph by Eduardo Verdugo/The Associated Press People in the Aztec country of Mexico began to suffer from high fevers, headaches, and bleeding from the eyes, mouth, and nose around the year 1545. This was the year that tragedy hit.
It is estimated that there were 25 million people living in the Aztec Empire in the 15th century.But after a hundred years, there was just one million remaining of them.What became of the ancient Aztec civilization?We are aware that the Spanish conquistadors had a role in their death, but it wasn’t simply the dreadful illnesses that were brought over from Europe that were ultimately responsible for their extinction.
By the 13th of August in 1521, following a bloody struggle that lasted for two years, the Spanish had successfully gained control of Tenochtitlan. The conquest of it marked the beginning of the collapse for the Aztec empire.
The Aztecs, now headed by Cuauhtemoc, ultimately capitulated after 93 days of struggle on the fatal day of August 13, 1521 CE. They had run out of food and were being devastated by the smallpox illness, which had been introduced to the Aztecs by one of the Spaniards previously. The city of Tenochtitlan was pillaged, and its monuments were obliterated.
After a protracted siege of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, which took place in 1521, Spain was finally successful in subduing the Aztec people.During the siege, a large portion of the population perished as a result of starvation and disease.Although Cortés led just 508 Spaniards into battle, he did so with as many as 150,000 or 200,000 allies from Tlaxcala and, later, from other Aztec vassal nations.Cortés did not fight alone.
People in the Aztec country of Mexico began to suffer from high fevers, headaches, and bleeding from the eyes, mouth, and nose around the year 1545. This was the year that tragedy hit.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae. Even in modern times, certain regions of Mexico consider some of these insects to be culinary treats.
Although the Mayan people never went extinct entirely, their descendants can still be found living all over Central America, the Mayan core urban areas in the lowlands of the Yucatan peninsula, such as Tikal, went from thriving cities to deserted ruins over the course of approximately one hundred years. Tikal was one of these cities.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
Invaders from Spain first landed in Mexico in the year 1519. Moctezuma II, emperor of the Aztecs, attempted to make peace with the newcomers by welcoming them inside Tenochtitlán; nevertheless, the Aztec people rose up in rebellion. Moctezuma II was put to death, the city was razed to the ground, and the Spanish eventually took control of the Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs (/aeztks/) were a Mesoamerican society that thrived in central Mexico during the post-classic era, roughly between the years 1300 and 1521.
By August of 1521, the once-magnificent metropolis of Tenochtitlan had fallen into disrepair.The region once inhabited by the Aztecs was rechristened ″New Spain,″ and the process of colonization got underway.After the Conquistadors were driven out of Mexico, bureaucrats and colonial officials took their place.Mexico remained a Spanish colony until 1810, when it launched its struggle for independence.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
There are no completely indigenous Incans left alive today; these people were almost entirely wiped off by the Spanish, who slaughtered them in warfare or caused them to die of illness.