It is the year 1532, and a group of conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro are making their way through the Andes in order to capture the Inca Empire.
It was the 29th of August in the year 1533. As Spain worked to secure its gains, fighting between the Spanish and the Incas would continue for a long time after Atahualpa had passed away. However, Pizarro’s daring triumph at Cajamarca practically signalled the end of the Inca Empire and the beginning of European colonization of South America. Cajamarca was located in what is now Peru.
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador who established the city of Lima and founded the Inca empire. He was born in the year 1475 in Trujillo, Extremadura, Castile, and died on June 26, 1541 in Lima.
During the Battle of Cajamarca, which took place in November 1532, Pizarro was successful in capturing the Incan Emperor Atahualpa after a series of maneuvers. It was asked that a ransom be paid for the freedom of the emperor, and Atahualpa responded by filling a chamber with money. However, Pizarro accused him with other offenses and had him beheaded in July of 1533.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
On August 29, 1533, the emperor was bound to a stake and given the option of converting to Christianity in exchange for either being burnt alive or having his throat choked with a garrote.
Conquistador, soldier, and explorer Francisco Pizarro is well remembered for his role in the conquest of the Inca people and the subsequent execution of their king, Atahuapla. Around the year 1474, he was born in the Spanish city of Trujillo. In the year 1513, he was a member of the voyage that was led by Vasco Nez de Balboa and was the one who led to the discovery of the Pacific Ocean.
When the Spanish arrived at the frontiers of the Inca Empire in 1528, it covered a huge territory and was the greatest of the four great pre-Columbian civilizations by a wide margin. The Inca Empire was dominated by the city-states of Cuzco and Machu Picchu.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.