The Nazca culture, also known as the Nasca culture, is an archaeological civilisation that thrived from around 100 BC to 800 AD in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. This culture was located along the arid coast of Peru’s southern coast.
Roytucker has provided an answer. The Nazca civilization was an archaeological civilisation that thrived between the years 100 BC and 800 AD along the dry coast of Peru’s southern coast in the river valleys of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. These valleys are located in the vicinity of the Nazca Lines.
Between the years AD 1-750, a civilization known as the Nasca (also spelled Nazca outside of archaeological texts) flourished in the Nazca region, which is located on the southern coast of Peru and is defined by the Ica and Grande river drainages. This civilization dates back to the Early Intermediate Period.
The Nazca Lines, pronounced /naezk/, are a collection of geoglyphs that were carved into the ground in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. People produced these depressions or shallow incisions in the desert floor between the years 500 BC and AD 500 by removing stones and leaving various colored soil exposed. They did this by making depressions in the desert floor.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
In 1927, a Peruvian aerial surveyor was the one who made the initial discovery of the Nazca Lines. Images of a hummingbird, a monkey, and an orca were discovered when the site was being excavated. Since 1994, the Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Palpa have been honored with the status of World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
It is believed that the pre-Incan Nazca civilisation, which thrived in the region between the years 200 and 600 AD, was responsible for the formation of the Nazca Lines. The lines were given the status of a World Heritage Site by Unesco in the year 1994 and have been under its protection ever since. One of the Nazca Lines’ patterns with one of the most elaborate stylizations is the monkey.
In order to keep towns and crops alive in such a dry region, the Nazca people constructed subterranean aqueducts that they called puquios. The majority of them are operational to this day. In addition to this, they were skilled in the production of intricate fabrics and pottery, both of which reflected their agricultural and ritualistic practices.
The depictions of around 70 different animals and plants in the Nazca Lines, some of which are as long as 370 meters (1,200 feet), are perhaps what bring the most attention to this archaeological site. Some examples are a dog, a flower, a tree, a reptile, a monkey, a whale, a llama, a spider, a hummingbird, and a plant that looks like a cactus.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Nazca is defined as being of or relating to a culture that was located on the coast of southern Peru and dates back to approximately 2000 B.C. This culture was distinguished by its thin, hard-coiled pottery that was painted in a conventionalized symbolic design using many brilliant colors, as well as by its expert weaving and irrigated agriculture in an area that is now desert.
The enormous Nazca lines were created by ancient humans around 2,000 years ago and are still visible today without any signs of degradation. No one has been able to provide a complete interpretation of what these lines signify. Just for a moment, picture yourself flying across the expansive desert skies of southern Peru on an aircraft.
Its primary purpose was to transport water to populous as well as agricultural regions so that it could be used for drinking purposes. The Nazca constructed the puquios in order to gain access to the underground water, despite the fact that the source of the water was sometimes located many miles distant from where it was required.
In the past, researchers have unearthed evidence that implies the demise of the Nazca civilisation was due to a catastrophic flooding disaster that occurred about AD500 as a result of El Nio.
By the construction of subterranean canals and irrigation systems. It is believed that the Nazca Lines were created as a means of irrigation for the surrounding parched land. How did the Nazca people adapt to living in such a dry climate? If the Chavn culture had originated on the coast of Peru, do you think it would have had a greater impact on the world?