Their accomplishments in engineering include the building of a twin aqueduct, an enormous dike, causeways, and artificial islands. In addition to many other things, the Aztecs possessed a numerical system, a calendar, a significant amount of medical knowledge, and a robust history in poetry.
The Aztecs were renowned for their agricultural prowess, which included farming all of the land that was accessible, developing irrigation systems, eliminating marshes, and constructing man-made islands in the lakes. They invented a type of writing known as hieroglyphics, devised a sophisticated calendar system, and constructed renowned pyramids and temples.
This step was the first step in the construction of the chinampa.
The Aztecs had a sophisticated mathematical system for calculating distances, lengths, and land area. Their technological breakthroughs were mostly geared toward applications in practical settings, such as farming and construction. The Aztecs constructed, carved, and sculpted objects out of stone and wood using tools made of obsidian and copper.
The Aztecs were able to establish a prosperous state, and subsequently an empire, because of their highly advanced system of agriculture (which included methods of intensive land cultivation and irrigation), as well as their great military tradition.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
During that time period, one of the primary ways that the Aztecs were able to increase their power and wealth was by serving as mercenaries and soldiers for many other cultures located in the area. For several decades after the city of Tenochtitlan was established, for instance, these individuals served as warriors for the Tepanec people.
It is commonly believed that the Aztecs came up with a lot of innovations, but in actuality, the majority of the things that are considered to be Aztec ″inventions″ were already common knowledge throughout Central America.It is more appropriate to state that the Aztecs popularized inventions such as popcorn and chewing gum by bringing them to the Spanish invaders.The Aztecs were responsible for the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish.
The military might of the Aztecs, the influence of their religion, and the structure of their tribute system contributed to the strength of their state. They created their own calendar with 18 months that each had 20 days, built enormous cities, pyramids, and temples, and established a farming method that they called chinampas that they used to cultivate crops on shallow lake bottoms.
Regarding the chewing gum known as chictli, the Aztecs got it by collecting the resin of a tropical tree known as Manilkara zapota, which grew in southern Mexico and Central America. Chewing gum had the same purpose as it does now, namely to clean the mouth and refresh the breath after meals.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.