The tools that they had to work with were very simple. They used tools such as fire and basalt axes on wood. Fire was very unpredictable so they switched to basalt axes for a little more precision. On stone they used tools made of flint, obsidian, granite, limestone, and quartzite(Stierlin 132).
Weapons were crafted mostly from obsidian and chert, obsidian being the sharpest (but more brittle). Knapping chert or obsidian into bifacial projectile points and attaching them to atlatl darts, spears, and arrows was the dominant technology.
The ancient Maya created a host of items with obsidian , some of which involved cutting. For example, they made projectile points. For another, they made blades, including a type known as the prismatic blade.
Maya stelae were worked with stone chisels and probably with wooden mallets. Hammerstones were fashioned from flint and basalt and were used for shaping the softer rocks used to make stelae, while fine detail was completed with smaller chisels.
The Maya , Aztec, and Inca civilizations ate simple food. Corn (maize) was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squash. Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas.
Central to Mayan technology was the profound use of a special stone, known as Obsidian . In ancient Mexican culture this stone was called Itzli, literally the god of stone, as it was used to make weapons for war as well as cutting tools for everyday use .
After assembling a record-setting 154 radiocarbon dates, the researchers have been able to develop a highly precise chronology that illuminates the patterns that led up to the two collapses that the Maya civilization experienced: the Preclassic collapse, in the second century A.D., and the more well-known Classic
There is universal agreement that some Mesoamerican people practiced human sacrifice and cannibalism , but there is no scholarly consensus as to its extent.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The weapon was used by different civilisations including the Aztec (Mexicas), Maya , Mixtec and Toltec.
|In service||Classic to Post-Classic stage (900–1570)|
|Used by||Mesoamerican civilizations, including Aztecs Indian auxiliaries of Spain|
For the Maya , who did not have metal tools, obsidian (or volcanic glass ) was highly valued because of its sharp edges for use as cutting instruments. The shift in trade might have involved more than obsidian.
And the Aztecs had obsidian for their axes and knives. Obsidian is a naturally-occurring glass, usually black and opaque. Aztec swords were made with rows of small obsidian teeth. They were murderous weapons for cutting an enemy.
Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal. Roughly 40 percent of Guatemalans are of Mayan descent.
The Egyptians’ quarrying technique consisted of digging a trench around a block of stone , then cutting beneath the stone and pushing it out. Once the stone was extracted, workers cut a series of holes with a hammer and chisel. Bronze tools were used with limestone and other softer rocks.