The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. To begin, it directly caused the death of a significant number of its victims, mainly newborns and young children.
The Aztec Empire was ravaged by a mysterious illness in the year 1545. Those who were infected with it might potentially acquire a high temperature, have nausea and vomiting, and experience blotchy skin. The most horrifying part is that they would bleed to death from their eyes, mouth, and nose within a short period of time.
After 500 years, researchers have finally identified the most likely cause of the Aztecs’ demise. Within five years, an epidemic known as ″cocoliztli,″ which literally translates to ″pestilence,″ was responsible for the deaths of 15 million people, or 80 percent of the population.
According to new research, the Aztec civilization was eradicated by a horrifying sickness known as ″eye-bleeding,″ which killed 15 million people in only five years. When a disease known as cocoliztli spread over the Aztec country in Mexico in the year 1545, it killed an estimated 80 percent of the population, which the scientific community estimates to be up to 15 million people.
Cuitláhuac, the Aztecs’ most recent tlatoani, succumbed to the sickness and died as a result of it.Historians are unaware of the total number of Aztecs who suffered and perished from the disease during this period.As a result of the deaths of Moctezuma II and Cuitláhuac, the Aztecs were unable to maintain a stable leadership structure throughout the Spanish invasion of Tenochtitlan.This is a crucial fact to keep in mind.
It has been suggested that an African slave (by the name of Francisco Egua, according to one version) was responsible for bringing the disease of smallpox to the Aztecs, although this theory has been called into question. Smallpox progressed slowly from May to September, reaching Tepeaca and Tlaxcala by the fall of 1520, and eventually reaching Tenochtitlán.
By the year 1568, it is believed that there were only three million people living inside the territory controlled by the Aztec Empire. What came to pass? – Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519, and a year later, other Spaniards from Cuba began to settle there as well. – Smallpox was carried by an African slave who arrived around 1520.
The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish. Cuitláhuac, the Emperor of the Aztecs, was one of them who passed away.
Smallpox had been brought to the Aztecs by the Spanish, and the epidemic claimed the lives of half of Tenochtitlán’s people during those months, including the monarch Cuitláhuac. Cuauhtémoc was elevated to the position of tlatoani by the Aztecs.
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Aztec language of Nahuatl, the term literally translates as ″pestilence.″ Its origins, on the other hand, have been debated for about 500 years.
It is possible that the collapse of the once-powerful Aztec Empire in the early 16th century was not caused by the invasion of European colonialists, as is commonly believed, who brought with them diseases such as mumps, measles, and smallpox for which the native populations lacked immunity. Instead, an intriguing theory suggests that this type of weather pattern may have been the culprit.
There were at least 12 epidemics that are thought to have been caused by cocoliztli, the most severe of which took place in 1520, 1545, 1576, 1736, and 1813. It has been proposed by Soto et al. that a significant outbreak of hemorrhagic fever might have been a contributing factor in the earlier fall of the Classic Mayan civilisation (AD 750–950).
When Europeans first came in North America, they carried with them infections that the Indians were not immune to at the time of their arrival.Smallpox swept off 5-8 million Aztecs immediately after the Spanish arrived in Mexico in 1519, and the Spanish were unable to recover.It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
In the afterlife, they engaged in a battle with the sun through the use of human sacrifices. The Aztecs were concerned about what might happen after every 52 years. What steps may be taken to prevent such from happening? They would put out any sacred fires, destroy their furniture and possessions, and enter a state of sorrow at this time.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but even triumphed over their adversaries, and they were making every effort to ensure that they would not be forced to regress. They conquered their neighbors, at first the various ethnic groups that lived in the central core of Mexico, and subsequently far further away, by employing both their intelligence and their physical might.
There are no completely indigenous Incans left alive today; these people were almost entirely wiped off by the Spanish, who slaughtered them in warfare or caused them to die of illness.
The 5,000 Incans were massacred by Pizarro’s troops in less than an hour.Pizarro was the only Spanish person to experience an injury; he got a cut on his hand as he was trying to save Atahualpa from certain death.Pizarro held Atahualpa in custody after realizing that the Inca Emperor was originally more useful to him alive than dead.This allowed Pizarro to make preparations to take over the Inca Empire.