What do you think was one of the most important factors that led to the expansion of the Maya culture? Choices for an Answer: The innate resistance to illness that the Maya possessed allowed them to live through epidemics. They were the first society to achieve mastery of the skill of ironworking, which resulted in the development of more effective tools and weapons.
Wealth and the expansion of towns into vast urban-states, such to those created by the Classic Maya civilisation, came about as a result of increasing commerce. Farmers grew a variety of crops in addition to corn, including beans, squash, and fruit trees. Corn was their primary crop. The Maya diet included a significant amount of protein from black beans and red beans.
The Maya used a method known as ″slash-and-burn″ to clear the ground, which resulted in the creation of fertile land. They also planted auxiliary crops such as beans, squash, and tobacco in addition to the maize. In the western highlands, they built terraces on the slopes of the mountains, while in the eastern lowlands, they cleared the jungle so that they could sow crops.
The Maya were able to create a magnificent society while living in an environment dominated by tropical jungle, which is only one of the many fascinating aspects about them.Historically, ancient peoples had prospered in drier climes, where the centralized control of water resources (via irrigation and other techniques) constituted the backbone of society.This allowed for greater agricultural productivity.
CULTURE OF THE MAYANS AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS The ancient Mayans made significant contributions to the fields of astronomy and calendar systems as well as the development of hieroglyphic writing.Pyramids, temples, palaces, and observatories were among examples of the complex ceremonial building that they were famed for producing throughout this time period.These buildings were all constructed without using any tools made of metal.
Religion inspired the Mayan people to create the calendar, but mathematics and astronomy were essential to the process of calculating solar years. The Maya thought that each day was a living deity whose conduct could be anticipated using a system of calendars. This belief was central to their religion.
The Maya civilization (/ma/) was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples.It is known for its logosyllabic script, which was the most advanced and highly developed writing system in pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.Additionally, the Maya peoples were known for their contributions to the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and architecture.
Maya farmers were able to remove deep rainforest by using the slash-and-burn method, which they accomplished by capturing rainfall and channeling it into irrigation systems. By rotating among their several fields to find the most fertile ground for each harvest season, they were able to reduce the amount of soil erosion that occurred as a result of having many planting areas.
The Maya thought that cenotes were entrances to Xibalba, their equivalent of the underworld, and that Chaac, their deity of rain, resided at the bottom of these sacred wells. The Maya would pray for rain and ask for a bountiful harvest while performing rites and ceremonies at sacred cenotes.
Of all the ancient civilizations that once thrived in Mesoamerica, the Maya are undoubtedly the most well-known. Around 2600 B.C., they made their first appearance in the Yucatán region of what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras. They grew to prominence around the year 250 A.D. in these areas.
The fact that Maya culture and civilization were so powerful that they were able to govern Mesoamerica for such a long period of time—more than three thousand years—is evidence of this.
Where exactly did the Maya call home? Chiapas and Yucatán, both of which are now a part of southern Mexico, as well as parts of Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, as well as Nicaragua, were all occupied by the Mayan civilisation at one point or another. Maya communities can be found in the same location even in the modern day.
Salt was perhaps the most significant of all of these different commodities. Salt was not only an essential component of the Maya diet, but it was also absolutely necessary for the culture’s practice of food preservation.
The Maya are currently estimated to have a population of around six million people, making them the biggest single group of indigenous peoples found north of Peru. Mexico is home to many of the most populous Maya communities, the most notable of which being the Yucatecs (with an estimated population of 300,000), the Tzotzil (120,000), and the Tzeltal (80,000).