In a paper published in 1979, researcher James L.Brewbaker proposed the idea that the Mayan society fell apart as a result of an illness.This disease was not one that affected humans, but rather an agricultural one called maize mosaic virus, which wiped off their food supply.
Overpopulation, environmental deterioration, conflict, shifting trade routes, and protracted drought are only few of the possible contributing factors that may have led to the collapse of the Maya civilisation in the southern lowlands. Scholars have also proposed a variety of other possible explanations.
The Maya were renowned for their achievements in the fields of astronomy, engineering, and warfare. It is still unclear what exactly brought about the downfall of the ancient Maya civilisation. Numerous explanations have been presented, but academics from all over the world have a tough time pinpointing the precise reason for this magnificent society’s demise.
The Maya used wood for construction reasons, and as their towns developed, there was a greater need for timber as a result of the Maya’s growing population.Since the Maya chopped down and burnt a lot of lumber very quickly and very huge, there was a lot of deforestation.According to certain estimations based on research, the ancient Maya utilized almost twenty individual pieces of wood to construct one square meter of cityscape.
Since at least 1800 B.C., the Maya have inhabited Central America and the Yucatán Peninsula, where they have thrived for thousands of years and have called their home for centuries. Numerous research have concluded that the Maya civilisation fell into disrepair between the years 800 and 1000 AD.
According to Justine Shaw, an anthropology professor at the College of the Redwoods in California, ″the problems that the Maya suffered from droughts caused people to lose trust in their rulers, which is more than just losing trust in the government when your rulers are closely tied to deities.″ The Maya rulers were closely tied to a pantheon of gods.