When Peter Schaghen wrote this letter in 1626, the first time anybody had heard of the company’s acquisition of Manhattan Island from the Lenape Indians for 60 guilders, it was a significant milestone.
A small amount of beads and ‘trinkets’ was reportedly exchanged between Native Americans and the Dutch in 1626, resulting in the sale of the whole island of Manhattan to the Dutch. This tidbit of history gained such enormous significance over the ensuing centuries that it was referred to as ″the birth certificate for New York City″ by Paul Otto, a prominent historian.
There were numerous subversive deals made during the colonial period, but the most well-known occurred in 1626, when the energetic Dutch settler Peter Minuit, acting as an agent for the West India Company, purchased the unimproved woodland ″island Manhattes,″ which covered 15,000 acres, for 60 guilders worth of goods (roughly equivalent to today’s equivalent of $60).
Manhattan dates its origins to a trade station established on Lower Manhattan in 1624 by colonists from the Dutch Republic, which was renamed New Amsterdam in 1626. Manhattan is the most populous borough in New York City.
After meeting with local Lenape Native Americans in May 1626, Peter Minuit, a representative from the Dutch West India Company, purchased the island of Manhattan for a total of 60 guilders from the Lenape.
The Indian Removal Policy, implemented by the United States government in the 1860s, resulted in the relocation of the vast majority of Lenape people living in the eastern United States to the Indian Region (present-day Oklahoma and adjacent territory). In the twenty-first century, the majority of Lenape people today live in Oklahoma, with a few small groups in Wisconsin and Ontario.
The acquisition of Manhattan — from a Dutch perspective, of course — was entirely lawful in these terms, and this was true from the very beginning. The West India Company, on the other hand, had no reservations about it.
Manhattan’s land value has been estimated at an incredible $1.74 trillion, according to Bloomberg.
The Dutch were willing to give up their colony without a struggle. Even though the two nations were nominally at peace at the time, the breaking point occurred in March 1664, when English King Charles II granted the colony’s territory to his brother, the Duke of York.
A dialect of the Lenape Native Americans coined the term ″Manhattan,″ which translates as ″a thicket where wood may be obtained to build bows″ in English. Hunting was mostly accomplished with a bow and arrow.
In his capacity as director of New Netherland On May 4, 1626, he embarked on a voyage to North America, where he landed in the colony. As a result of his deal with Native Americans in return for items worth 60 guilders, Minuit is credited with acquiring the island of Manhattan from them.
In 1626, Peter Minuit, the first director general of New Netherland province, is said to have purchased the island from the local Indians (who have been variously identified as belonging to the Lenape, Delaware, Munsee, or Algonquin people by historians), most likely with trade goods valued at 60 guilders, which at the time were worth approximately 1.5 million dollars.
The Iroquois are a confederacy of five tribes located between the Adirondack Mountains and Niagara Falls in Upstate New York. They are comprised of the Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca, Oneida, and Mohawk tribes. The Tuscarora were admitted as the sixth member later on. The names of four tribes are contemporary counties in the state of New York.
The majority of Lenape nowadays, like Zunigha, do not reside in New York City or the surrounding region. There are only two Delaware tribes in the United States that are federally recognized, and both of them are located in Oklahoma, where considerable communities of the Lenape were compelled to relocate as a result of forced migration.