There were between 2,000 and 3,000 Indians living in the region where San Antonio de Padua was erected, who belonged to a group known as the Salinans.
Residents of the mission were Salian Indians, Yokut Indians, priests, and soldiers, amongst other people. It was Fr. Junipero Serra who was in command of the Mission San Antonio de Padua, despite the fact that he was in charge of all 21 missions. The Indians are in charge of the majority of the tasks at the mission.
The Lipan Apaches, the Tonkawa, and eventually the Comanches were among the northern arrivals who settled in the area. Newcomb Jr. argues that these populations, who were driven from their own home lands, were forcibly expelled and contributed to the dispersion of the Coahuiltecan peoples.
Many different hunting and gathering bands provided the people who resided in the San Antonio missions with food. They are referred to as Coahuiltecans, which means ″Coahuiltecans″ in Spanish (kwa-weel-tay-kans). Their mission life, which was carefully regimented, constituted a significant shift for individuals who had previously followed the cycles of nature.
They were indigenous peoples of California who lived in Southern California and were forcibly removed from their traditional dwellings, villages, and homelands to live and work at 15 Franciscan missions in Southern California as well as the Asistencias and Estancias established between 1796 and 1823 in the Las Vegas Valley.
The San Antonio de Padua Mission, the third of a chain of 21 Franciscan missions, was founded by Father Junipero Serra in 1771, making it the third mission in the line. In addition to being taught particular skills, the Indians residing at the mission built a unique water-powered flour mill to grind grain on site.
Despite the fact that the church appears to be in good shape now, its future was once in doubt. It was in 1882, following the death of Father Doroteo Ambris, that the mission began to fall into ruin and the walls began to disintegrate. Reconstruction began around two decades later, only to be completely wrecked by the 1906 earthquake. Following the setback, the restoration process resumed.
The Alamo was erected by the Coahuiltecans, the greatest Indian tribe living between the Rio Grande River and the headwaters of the San Antonio River. The Coahuiltecans were the largest Indian group living between the Rio Grande River and the headwaters of the San Antonio River.
Valero’s population fluctuated over the years, reaching a peak of 328 people in 1756 and then declining. According to mission records, almost 1,000 indigenous converts were buried in the mission’s campo santo (holy cemetery) (cemetery).
When the Franciscans founded the San Antonio de Valero Mission, better known as The Alamo, in 1718, they were the first missionaries in the city of San Antonio. Mission San José, built a few miles downstream from Mission Valero two years after the first, was the second mission built in the area.
Exactly one year after setting fire to La Salle’s fatal Fort St. Louis encampment, Father Massenet consecrated the timber church of San Francisco de los Tejas, the first Spanish mission in east Texas and located near present-day Augusta.
It wasn’t long before permanent Indian residents of the San Antonio missions began speaking Spanish, observing Catholic practices, and intermarrying with members of the local Hispanic community in the late 1700s. Other Indians, both local and from other parts of the country, had formed a part of the town’s culture.
While the Spanish Missions in Texas were created by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans to preach Catholic teaching among surrounding Native Americans, they also served as a way for Spain to gain a foothold in the frontier territory.
Many were converted; many perished as a result of European illnesses against which they had no protection; and many came to rely on the missions for their nutrition and shelter. A large number of tribes were left stranded when the Mexican government formally terminated the jurisdiction of the missions, which occurred in 1834.
The tribes of the coast, known as ‘Mission Indians,’ were the ones who suffered the most severe consequences. Tribes in the northern mountains, such as the Modocs, had little or no contact with the Spanish and therefore suffered little.