Potawatomi from Illinois and Wisconsin signed the Treaty of Chicago on September 26, 1833, formally ceding their last remaining holdings to the United States in exchange for a monetary settlement. Between 1835 and 1838, the United States began the process of removing the Potawatomi from their Wisconsin homelands.
They later relinquished many of their territories as a result of Indian Removal, and the majority of the Potawatomi were transferred to Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory, which is now in Oklahoma. Some bands survived in the Great Lakes region and are now recognized as tribes by the federal government.
A federally recognized tribe, they inhabit in northern Wisconsin and are part of the Wisconsin Chippewa. In 1936, the Hannahville Potawatomi were recognized by the federal government as a distinct tribal group. Having fled the forced removals in the 1830s, they found refuge in upper Michigan, where they have lived ever since.
It is the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians’ home territory, which encompasses 10 counties in southwestern Michigan and northern Indiana.In the town of Dowagiac, in the state of Michigan, is their tribal headquarters.A total of 4,700 acres have been bought by the Pokagon Pottawatomi since 1997 with the purpose of developing reservations on three distinct reservations development locations.
The Potawatomi were known for their huge, bark-covered dwellings. They also constructed smaller, dome-shaped structures known as wigwams. They planted maize and squash, as well as berries, seeds, and wild rice, which they collected. They fished and hunted for deer, bison (buffalo), elk, and other small animals, among other things.
The Pokagon Band is a band from the United States of America. A total of 2,600 Potawatomi Indians live in southern Michigan and northern Indiana, with the majority of their 2,600 individuals dispersed among the general populace.
The Citizen Potawatomi Nation got $170 million in funds from the United States Treasury as part of the American Rescue Plan Act of 1990.
It is owned and run by the Forest County Potawatomi Community, which also owns the Potawatomi Hotel and Casino.
People from the Pokagon region have long maintained their culture and connection to their ancestral home; various place names throughout northern Indiana and southwest Michigan continue to reflect this link. The Pokagon people have survived in part because to their values of Wisdom, Love, Respect, Truth, Honesty, Humility, and Bravery, among other things.
Shabonee, also spelled Shabbona, was a Potawatomi Indian chief who was the hero of a Paul Revere-style ride through northern Illinois in 1832, which was intended to warn white settlers of an impending Indian raid during the Black Hawk War. He was born around 1775 near the Maumee River and died on July 17, 1859, in Morris, Illinois, United States.
Potawatomi summer food supplies have traditionally been derived from hunted, fished, and collected sources.However, the tribe has traditionally also maintained significant gardens of maize, beans, and squash.Women also collected a broad variety of wild plant items, including as berries, nuts, roots, and wild greens, in addition to their traditional diets.
Men were also involved in the planting and growing of tobacco.
Father Petit was assigned the responsibility of caring for the ill. Although Polke and Petit tried everything they could to relieve the suffering and dying, records show that medicine at the time consisted mostly of rest, tea, and sugar rather than anything more sophisticated. Because so many people died along the path, it earned the nickname ″Trail of Death.″
A great deal is known about the Citizen Potawatomi’s lengthy history of links to the Catholic Church, which dates back to the 17th century when French missionaries began bringing the Christian religion to the tribes of the Great Lakes region through French missionaries.
Their lifestyle was semisedentary, with them spending the summers in agricultural communities and dividing into smaller family groupings in the autumn as they traveled to their winter hunting regions. Men hunted and fished, while women produced and gathered crops, as well as foraged for wild plants for nutrition.
Potawatomi ladies wore long dresses made of deerskin. Potawatomi males wore breechcloths, leggings, and deerskin shirts, as well as other traditional clothing. Here is a link to a website that contains images of Native breechcloth. The Potawatomis walked around in moccasins on their feet and wore robes when it was cold.