One of the most significant military operations that took place during the Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish. This event is also referred to as the Conquest of Peru. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Result||Decisive Spanish victory Inca Empire destroyed Last Inca emperor Atahualpa executed Resistance broke out but ultimately destroyed|
The Inca empire came to an end in 1572 when the final Inca fortress was uncovered. At that time, Tpac Amaru, Manco’s son and the last monarch, was kidnapped and killed, bringing an end to the Inca empire.
After first coming into contact with Europeans, the Inca people saw a sharp and precipitous drop in numbers. This fall was mostly the result of illnesses and diseases like as smallpox, which is believed to have been brought to the area by colonists and conquistadors.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
The Mayan and Incan civilizations in South and Central America were almost obliterated by smallpox at the same time as the Native American people of North America. In addition, other European illnesses like as measles and mumps also took significant tolls, contributing to the overall decline of certain native populations in the new globe by an amount equal to or greater than 90 percent.
This marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of South America.
One way in which the decline of the Inca Empire was comparable to the decline of the Aztec Empire was that in both cases, the kings of the respective empires were taken captive. The illnesses that the Spaniards carried with them were responsible for the decline of both empires.
The empire fell apart around the year 1535.
In the year 1532, the Spanish launched their invasion of the Inca Empire, and in the year 1572, they successfully took control of the final Inca fortress.
What caused the downfall of the Incan Empire? The assassination of Huayna Capac led to the collapse of the Inca Empire. After he passed away, his two sons engaged in a bloody civil war with each other. Even though Atahualpa emerged victorious from the conflict, the empire was destroyed.
The Inca constructed some of the most sophisticated aqueducts and drainage systems in pre-Columbian America, in addition to the most extensive road network. They were also the first to develop the process of freeze-drying food and the rope suspension bridge, both of which they developed independently of any outside influence.
Machu Picchu was deserted at some point. Following the destruction of the final Incan city in 1572, the Incan dynasty of monarchs came to an end. Machu Picchu was formerly a royal retreat that was frequented by powerful rulers, but it has now fallen into disrepair. The location is now included on the list of World Heritage sites maintained by the United Nations.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
Smallpox had already made its way to the Inca settlements in Peru well before Francisco Pizarro’s arrival in 1526. This made Pizarro’s conquest of the Inca empire an immeasurably simpler task because the disease had already caused the death of the Inca emperor and had weakened the Inca state as the emperor’s two sons fought for control.