What European Empire Conquered Both The Aztecs And Incas?

What European Empire Conquered Both The Aztecs And Incas?

Both the Aztec and Inca empires fell under the control of Spanish conquistadors, with Cortés being responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire while Pizarro was responsible for the fall of the Inca Empire. The Spanish were more powerful than the local peoples because they had firearms, cannons, and horses at their disposal. To view the complete response, click here.

As soon as the Spanish came, the once-powerful Inca and Aztec empires began to crumble quickly. Even though they were much outnumbered and operating in an unfamiliar territory, the Spanish Conquistadors were able to easily triumph over these formidable civilizations.

How did the Spanish conquistadors end the Inca Empire?

After that, the emperor was killed by being strangled, bringing an end to the 300-year reign of the Inca Empire. Significant shifts occurred as a result of the Spanish conquistadors’ victory over the Aztec and Inca empires. These shifts had an impact on both the Americas and Europe. These civilizations were eradicated and suffered a setback as a result of the extensive damage.

Who are the Aztecs and Incas?

  • Who exactly were the Incas and Aztecs?
  • The Aztecs, the Maya, and the Inca were the three civilizations that evolved in the Americas before to the advent of Europeans that were the most powerful and technologically advanced of those three.
  • Central Mexico served as the epicenter of the Aztec Empire.

From the 1400s until the arrival of the Spanish in 1519, it exercised control over a large portion of the territory.

Who conquered Aztec and Inca empires?

Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.

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What European empire conquered the Aztecs?

Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.

Which European conquered the Incas?

  • Pizarro and his soldiers were able to systematically gain control of Inca country because they were intelligent and had access to contemporary weaponry.
  • This allowed them to do so.
  • In 1532, Francisco Pizarro, together with his brothers and 168 Spanish troops, defeated the Inca king Atahualpa and seized Peru, bringing an end to the rule of the Inca Empire.

This marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of South America.

Which European conquest of the Aztec and Inca were similar?

Both the Aztec and Inca empires fell under the control of Spanish conquistadors, with Cortés being responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire while Pizarro was responsible for the fall of the Inca Empire.

Why did the Spanish conquer the Aztec and Inca empires?

Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.

How did the Spanish conquer the Aztec and Inca empires?

The mighty Aztec and Inca empires were defeated by the Spanish by introducing illnesses that killed the majority of the people in a short amount of time, frightening the natives with horses, and killing them with their more advanced and superior weaponry.

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What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.

When did the Europeans come to the Aztecs?

On April 20, 1519, Hernán Cortés and his party arrived to the island of San Juan de Ula, which is located off the coast of the Aztec province of Cuetlaxtlan, which is now known as Veracruz. Soon after that, the Spaniards began communicating with Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, the monarch of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, through the exchange of messengers.

What caused the Aztec Empire to fall?

Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.

What did the Europeans bring to the Incas?

These illnesses included the likes of chickenpox, measles, and the common flu. The local people had a tough enough time defending themselves against a recognized opponent like the Spanish; nevertheless, it was impossible for them to protect themselves against the onslaught of these illnesses since they were unseen to the native population.

How were the Aztecs conquered?

After routing a significant portion of the Aztec army at Otumba, the Spaniards eventually located and reestablished contact with their Tlaxcaltec allies. Cortés made his way back to Tenochtitlan in May of 1521, and after a siege that lasted for three months, the city was taken. The Aztec empire was destroyed as a direct result of this triumph.

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How many conquistadors conquered the Incas?

Fewer than two hundred Spanish conquistadors were responsible for the collapse of the enormous Inca Empire. These conquistadors were responsible for the deaths of tens of thousands of Inca soldiers. The first Europeans to establish contact with the Inca Empire were Pizarro and his 168 conquistadors. Pizarro was the leader of this expedition.

How were the conquest of the Aztec and Inca similar and different?

What were some similarities and differences between the Aztec conquest and the Inca conquest? Both the Aztecs and the Incas fell under Spanish colonial rule. On the other hand, the Inca were defeated by a massive force, whereas the Aztecs were primarily wiped off by sickness.

What happened to the Aztec and Inca?

  • They came in pursuit of riches and souls: gold to fill the coffers of the Spanish monarch (and their own), and souls of pagan peoples to convert to Christianity and bring into the fold of the church.
  • Within a single generation, the ancient civilizations of North America were obliterated.
  • Following short-lived military wars that lasted only a few years each, the Aztec and Inca empires both fell.

How were the Inca and Aztec different?

The Incas lived within the Andes Mountains, whereas the Aztecs were in Central Mexico. This is the primary distinction between the two peoples. The Incas would preserve the bodies of their dead by exposing them to the elements on the ledge of a mountain. The wind would remove the moisture from their skin as it passed over them.

Harold Plumb

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