Following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830, the Seminole Indians fought possibly more valiantly than any other tribe in order to protect their territory and way of life. It is said that the Seminoles’ homes and communities were demolished, and their occupants were sent into adjacent marshes, where they were chased for six years.
After being coerced into marching to Indian Territory (which is now known as Oklahoma) by the United States, some Seminoles and Creeks in Alabama and Florida seek refuge in marshes in order to avoid being removed under the terms of the Relocation Act. Today, the descendants of individuals who escaped have formed governments and established reserves throughout the state of Florida.
So, what was the Cherokee’s reaction to this act? A hearing at the Supreme Court was eventually held when the Cherokee chose to take the matter to court. What was the Seminoles’ response to the incident? The Seminoles took matters into their own hands and declared war on the United States.
For many years, the Seminoles were forced to live in virtual isolation in and near the Everglades. They lived in chickees, which were open-sided shelters that were well-suited to the marshy habitat in which they resided. They were able to subsist through hunting, harvesting wild foods, and planting crops such as maize, pumpkins, and potatoes, among other things.
Osceola, Alligator, and Jumper war chiefs were all involved, and the outcome was the only occasion that U.S. soldiers were held hostage by the Indians during their history. Following this main engagement, the Seminoles broke into tiny guerrilla units and marched south, striking by surprise and fleeing into the marshes as they went.
For the following 28 years, the United States government battled to compel the evacuation of the countries of the southeastern United States. After being tricked into signing a removal treaty in 1833, a small group of Seminoles were forced to flee their homeland, but the remainder of the tribe deemed the contract illegal and refused to leave.
Following their move to Indian Territory, the Seminoles were first limited to the Creek Nation, where they remained for a time. There, the United States let them to exercise some degree of self-governance, but only if they complied with the general Creek laws.
Osceola rose to prominence as a leader among the Seminoles who were adamant about resisting colonization. Approximately 180 Seminoles and their supporters attacked the army on December 28, 1835, when Major Francis Dade was marching more than 100 men from Fort Brooke (near Tampa) to Fort King (near present-day Ocala). All but three soldiers were killed in the ambush.
The Removal Act would be beneficial to white settlement and would allow residents of the United States to live wherever along the eastern coast. Among these were some southern states, like as Georgia and Florida, which had only just been taken over from the Spaniards.
Cherokees successfully opposed the loss of their whole land between 1817 and 1827 by establishing a new kind of tribal administration that was modeled after the United States government. An alternative form of government to the traditional tribal council, the Cherokees formed their own constitution and established a two-house legislative body.
The Seminoles of Florida refer to themselves as the ‘Unconquered People,’ as they are descended from a small band of 300 Indians who managed to evade capture by the United States army during the nineteenth century. Over 2,000 people reside on six reserves in Florida – situated in Hollywood, Big Cypress, Brighton, Immokalee, Ft. Myers, and Fort Myers Beach.
Seminole is an Indian term that literally translates as ″runaway.″ They were a tribe made up of members of the Creek Nation in Georgia, Cherokees, and African slaves who lived on the Florida coast. The tribe migrated to Florida as a result of being forced from their land or as a result of fleeing enslavement.
Seminole tribes are predominantly Christian, and they adhere to both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism. Their traditional Native religion, which is exhibited via the stomp dance and the Green Corn Ceremony, which are both conducted on their ceremonial grounds, is also observed by them. Green Corn rites have been done by indigenous peoples for hundreds of years.
They never surrendered, and they never signed a peace deal with the United States. Because they withdrew into the Everglades, the Seminoles were able to outwit and survive a country determined to forcefully remove them to Oklahoma. When it comes to Florida tourist spots, Big Cypress is one of the most unique.
As a result of attempts by United States officials to recapture escaped Black slaves who were hiding among Seminole tribes, the First Seminole War (1817–18) broke out. Military forces from the United States, led by General Andrew Jackson, attacked the area, dispersing the residents and burning their villages, as well as conquering Spanish-held Pensacola and St. Marks.
How were the Seminoles able to withstand the threat of relocation? Down response, the Seminoles launched a guerilla campaign until the United States caved in and allowed the Seminole survivors to remain in Florida.