Maize (corn), beans, squashes, potatoes, tomatoes, and avocados were all common Aztec crops. In addition to farming, the Aztecs subsisted on fishing and hunting native creatures such as rabbits, armadillos, snakes, coyotes, and wild turkeys.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
Through the utilization of chinampas, or floating gardens, the Aztecs were able to cultivate enormous amounts of grain, beans, and squash. In addition, they were also able to breed animals such as turkeys.
Chili peppers, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, and avocados were the most significant fruits and vegetables. Along with pumpkins and courgettes, squash was another widely sought-after vegetable. Fresh, dried, or roasted, the seeds might be consumed by humans. Tomatoes, both red and green, were frequently combined with chili when being used to make sauces or as a stuffing for tamales.
Avocados, chili peppers, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, and onions were some of the fruits and vegetables that were consumed most frequently. The inhabitants of Aztec culture cultivated a wide variety of squash, including pumpkins and zucchini, among other varieties. According to Smith, the locals also consumed the seeds of the squash.
The Aztecs created terraces by cutting into the slopes of the hills so that they could cultivate the difficult terrain.After that, they constructed a retaining wall to create a step in the slope of the hill so that the area on the step could be used for agricultural purposes.The chinampas farms were artificially created pieces of land that were built up from the sediments that accumulated at the lake’s bottom.
Corn, often known as maize, was the most important staple food for Aztec civilisation. This grain was so essential to their way of life that it even featured prominently in their mythology. It was the food that, similar to wheat in a significant portion of Europe or rice in the majority of East Asia, was required for a meal to be considered complete.
Their accomplishments in engineering include the building of a twin aqueduct, an enormous dike, causeways, and artificial islands. In addition to many other things, the Aztecs possessed a numerical system, a calendar, a significant amount of medical knowledge, and a robust history in poetry.
The ‘chinampas’ or floating gardens that the Aztecs developed are famous examples of their innovative farming practices. The Aztecs constructed causways, dikes, and canals at Tenochtitlan, which was also home to a network of waterways.
The Aztecs were renowned throughout history for their achievements in agriculture, land management, art, and architecture. They constructed temples and other places of worship in addition to developing the ability to write and a calendar system. They were also notorious for their ferocity and lack of mercy for others. They offered human sacrifices as a way to appease their gods.
An assortment of domestic items, including as pottery, bone needles, obsidian blades, musical instruments fashioned from human and canine bones, the bone of a carved deer, and the bones of turkeys and dogs that were used as meals, have been discovered in the region. The Aztecs did, in fact, consume dog meat.
Over an open flame was how the Aztecs prepared their meals. When they wanted to boil anything or make a stew, they would suspend cooking pans over the fire in the hearth. Tamales and other foods were also steamed by them.
It is believed that the Maya, Aztecs, Huastecs, and other societies from ancient Mesoamerica were the first people to consume pulque, an alcoholic beverage. It is produced in a manner comparable to that of beer by fermenting the juice or sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana).
In the marketplaces of Tenochtitlan, an Aztec who was hungry may select between sellers offering tacos packed with vegetables (beans, squash, tomato, nopal cactus), meat (dog, rabbit, turkey, eggs), or the unusual wealth of the lake itself (water-insects, amphibians, algae).
The Aztecs elevated the appreciation of chocolate to a whole new level. They thought that their gods had bestowed cocoa to them as a gift. They utilized cacao beans as payment to buy food and other items much like the Mayans did, but they also liked the caffeine rush of hot or cold, spiced chocolate beverages served in ornate vessels. These beverages may be served either hot or cold.