The Inca civilization is famous for many things, including the creation of the largest empire that the Americas have ever seen, the development of impressive agricultural techniques, and the creation of works of art and architecture that innovatively combined geometric stonework with the natural landscape.
One of the most influential civilizations that existed in pre-Columbian America was the Inca Empire. The years 1438 through 1533 were a period of relative prosperity for the empire. The Incas are revered for their contributions to the world in the fields of building, agricultural innovation, communication, and record-keeping.
The Incas were superb builders and architects. They constructed a network of roads and bridges that traversed the most treacherous terrain in the Andes. The Incas were able to ensure a limitless supply of physical labor because to their system of communal labor and the most advanced controlled economy of its time.
They were responsible for a number of remarkable innovations, including the construction of roads and bridges, such as suspension bridges, which rely on thick cables to support the walkway over the water. Their method of communication was known as quipu, and it consisted of a network of threads and knots that logged information.
The Incas possessed what is regarded as the most successful centrally planned economy that has ever been observed.Its success may be attributed to the effective management of labor as well as the administration of the resources they obtained from tribute.The Inca civilization was built on a foundation of collective work, which served as the engine that drove both economic output and the accumulation of social riches.
What made Inca architecture stand out from other architectural styles? The natural terrain was generally included into Inca design, but at the same time, the Inca managed to master it, resulting in an often stunning combination of geometrical and natural shapes. This was one of the distinctive characteristics of Inca architecture.
Even while males held a higher social rank in the allyus than women did, the roles that each inhabited were complementary to the other. It was mandatory for all married males to do a mita, also known as a labor tribute, for the empire for the amount of time that was specified. Due to the fact that their role was in the house, women were free from this duty.
The Incas are credited with being the first people in recorded history to create ways for the process of freeze-drying food. Specifically, this involved taking advantage of the cold weather by covering potatoes with a towel and putting them out overnight. The Incas would come back the next day to stomp over the potatoes in order to extract any further moisture from them.
The Inca constructed some of the most sophisticated aqueducts and drainage systems in pre-Columbian America, in addition to the most extensive road network. They were also the first to develop the process of freeze-drying food and the rope suspension bridge, both of which they developed independently of any outside influence.
According to the findings of a recent research, Inca doctors in ancient Peru treated head injuries by routinely removing tiny parts of their patients’ skulls and doing so effectively. According to the findings of the research, the trepanation surgical operation was most frequently carried out on adult males to treat injuries that were most likely sustained in the course of war.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.