One of the most influential civilizations that existed in pre-Columbian America was the Inca Empire. The years 1438 through 1533 were a period of relative prosperity for the empire. The Incas are revered for their contributions to the world in the fields of building, agricultural innovation, communication, and record-keeping.
The 12 most fascinating facts about the ancient Inca civilization
Number one on our list of 10 Interesting Facts About the Inca and Their Empire is: It is generally agreed that Manco Capac was the one who initiated the Inca civilisation.Both the Hurin and the Hanan dynasties are recognized as having existed during Inca times.Pachacuti was the first ruler of the Inca Empire.The Inca Empire ruled most of South and Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans.
Around the year 12th century, they were a pastoral people that lived in what is now the Cuzco region of present-day Peru.In the middle of the 15th century, Inca emperors initiated a series of conquests with the goal of uniting the majority of Andean cultures under the umbrella of the Inca Empire.At the beginning of the 16th century, the Inca empire was possibly the biggest empire in the history of the planet.
Despite the tragic downfall of the Inca Empire, the legacy of the Incas can be found all across modern-day Peru in quite a visible way. Therefore, before you go to Peru, it would be beneficial for you to learn more about the Inca Empire, which was the greatest empire that the Americas had ever seen and the largest empire in the world at the time.
The wheel did not exist in Inca culture; instead, commodities were transported on the backs of humans and animals.They carried their belongings on their backs using llamas.The Incas constructed a system of roads and bridges that extended to all four corners of their empire and connected them together.The region was traversed by several highways, some of which were as long as 1,250 miles at their longest point (2,012 km).
The Inca were once a little tribe who gradually expanded their territory and influence to include the entire coast of South America, from Colombia to Argentina. People remember them for the contributions they made to religion and architecture, as well as the well-known road network they established throughout the region.
The Inca constructed some of the most sophisticated aqueducts and drainage systems in pre-Columbian America, in addition to the most extensive road network. They were also the first to develop the process of freeze-drying food and the rope suspension bridge, both of which they developed independently of any outside influence.
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
In spite of the fact that they never discovered the wheel or had access to it, the Incas constructed hundreds of miles of well-paved walkways and roads that traveled along, up, and over some of the highest peaks in the Andes mountain range. In point of fact, it is believed that they constructed a total of almost 18,000 kilometers of roadways across their civilisation!
In addition to vegetables like beans and squash, corn (sometimes spelled maize) served as the primary staple item in their diet. Potatoes and a very fine grain known as quinoa were two of the most prevalent crops cultivated by the Incas. In addition to a vast range of fruits, the Aztecs and Maya were known to choose avocados and tomatoes as their primary sources of nutrition.
According to the findings of a recent research, Inca doctors in ancient Peru treated head injuries by routinely removing tiny parts of their patients’ skulls and doing so effectively. According to the findings of the research, the trepanation surgical operation was most frequently carried out on adult males to treat injuries that were most likely sustained in the course of war.
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
The usage of plant extracts, such as digitalis purpurea, maticaliz camomilla, and plantago paralias, among a number of other examples, is their most significant discovery, and it is one that is frequently utilized in the contemporary civilization of the Andes. Trepanation was a sort of cranial surgery that the Incas used to treat mental diseases as well as accidents.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
The Incas possessed what is regarded as the most successful centrally planned economy that has ever been observed.Its success may be attributed to the effective management of labor as well as the administration of the resources they obtained from tribute.The Inca civilization was built on a foundation of collective work, which served as the engine that drove both economic output and the accumulation of social riches.
Maize, coca, beans, grains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ulluco, oca, mashwa, pepper, tomatoes, peanuts, cashews, squash, cucumber, quinoa, gourd, cotton, talwi, carob, chirimoya, lcuma, guayabo, and avocado were among the crops that were farmed across the Inca Empire.