Explore the World’s Largest Underwater Cave January 17, 2018 – The world’s longest underwater cave has been discovered near the city of Tulum , on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. The new discovery connects two previously known flooded caves into one 215-mile-long stretch.
Last Wednesday, after ten months of work, the Underwater Exploration Group of the Great Maya Aquifer Project (GAM) found a connection between two of the most extensive flooded cavern systems on Earth—Sac Actun and Dos Ojos , both in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula—now forming the world’s largest known flooded cave, with a
Xibalba (Shee-bal-ba) was the name the K’iche Maya gave to the underworld . The underworld was a truly fearsome place, strongly associated with water; it had its own landscape, gods, and blood-thirsty predators. Xibalba was also the scene of many adventures by the heroes of Maya mythology, especially the Hero Twins.
This cenote connects to the numerous underground rivers and caves under Chichén Itzá’s limestone bedrock, a geological formation called a karst. In 2018 a team of archaeologists began exploring the underground water system beneath Chichén Itzá in an effort to find a connection to the presumed cenote below El Castillo.
After assembling a record-setting 154 radiocarbon dates, the researchers have been able to develop a highly precise chronology that illuminates the patterns that led up to the two collapses that the Maya civilization experienced: the Preclassic collapse, in the second century A.D., and the more well-known Classic
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Inside the world’s most dangerous underwater caves. Deep underwater in southeast Mexico there is a sign which warns divers that anyone who swims through the underwater caves could face death. This network of flooded caves, known as the Yucatan Cenotes , is one of the world’s deadliest diving spots.
Sea caves are found throughout the world, actively forming along present coastlines and as relict sea caves on former coastlines. Some of the largest wave-cut caves in the world are found on the coast of Norway, but are now 100 feet or more above present sea level. These would still be classified as littoral caves .
Death rituals were an important part of Maya religion. The Maya greatly respected death ; they were taught to fear it and grieved deeply for the dead . They also believed that certain deaths were more noble than others.
Do The Maya Still Exist ? Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist , and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died.
You are no longer able to climb the ruins at Chichen Itza and have not been able to for several years now. You are still able to climb Coba and Ek Balam, both of which are only partially excavated/restored and well worth visiting. Its been years since you could climb the ruins at either Chichen or Tulum.
For the Maya civilization cenotes were very important but, do you know how they really used them? First of all, they were the water supply source, they were also used as a sacred place and a sacrifice center: Mayans use to throw jewels, pots, clothes, and sculptures.