Pacal was ruler of the Mayan kingdom of Palenque from age 12 until his death at age 80. The name Pacal means shield in the Mayan language. Pacal was responsible for the expansion of the city and oversaw the construction of many of its most magnificent structures.
Pakal (also spelled Pacal ; meaning “shield” in several Maya languages) forms the (common) name or part of the full name of several pre-Columbian Maya personages identified in the monumental inscriptions of sites in the Maya region of Mesoamerica.
K’inich Janaab Pakal
Answer: Also known as Pacal and Pacal the Great , he is most successful for raising the city of Palenque ( known as B’aakal) from relative obscurity to a great power, his building projects in the city (especially the Temple of the Inscriptions), and his elaborately in Mexico.
80 years (603 AD–683 AD)
1 : an ornamental vertical groove especially in a Doric frieze. 2 : a symbolic figure or a character (as in the Mayan system of writing) usually incised or carved in relief. 3 : a symbol (such as a curved arrow on a road sign) that conveys information nonverbally.
The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery . Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves .
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .
The ancient Maya never used coins as money . Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
The Maya today number about six million people, making them the largest single block of indigenous peoples north of Peru. Some of the largest Maya groups are found in Mexico, the most important of these being the Yucatecs (300,000), the Tzotzil (120,000) and the Tzeltal (80,000).
While there is little evidence of monarchies in early Maya cities, the Classic period saw the rise of one legendary revered king. The rule of K’inich Janaab ‘ Pakal the Great , or Janaab’ Pakal I , of the Late-classic city of Palenque was one of great acclaim.