The Mayan Pantheon: Gods and Goddesses Itzamna . Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. Yum Kaax. A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods. Maize God. Hunab Ku. Kinich Ahau. Ix Chel. Chaac. Kukulkan.
Another aspect of Maya blood sacrifice involved ritual bloodletting. In the Popol Vuh, the first Maya pierced their skin to offer blood to the gods Tohil , Avilix , and Hacavitz.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist, and they worshiped more than 165 Gods . The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died. The Mayan religion believed that most peoples souls’ were vanquished to spend their afterlives in the underworld.
One of the most prevalent beliefs that were practiced by Maya , Aztecs and Tarascans is the thought that mirrors served as portals to realm that could be seen bot not interacted with.
The evil god Whiro is often confused with a hero of the same name: Whiro the voyager. Lilith: Female Demon of Jewish Folklore. Loviatar: Finnish Goddess of Death, Pain, and Disease. Apophis: Evil God of Chaos in Ancient Egypt. Lamashtu: Worst of The Mesopotamian Evil Gods .
To the Aztecs , death was instrumental in the perpetuation of creation, and gods and humans alike had the responsibility of sacrificing themselves in order to allow life to continue.
In Mayan mythology, the jaguar was seen as the ruler of the Underworld, and as such, a symbol of the night sun and darkness. The jaguar is representative of power, ferocity, and valor; he is the embodiment of aggressiveness. For some, the jaguar represents the power to face one’s fears, or to confront one’s enemies.
The oldest living wild male jaguars were estimated to be 16, 19, and 20 years, and the oldest wild female jaguar 13 years old. The mean lifespan (mean age of 10% most long-lived individuals) for jaguars was 13.6 years (±1.4; 95% CI).
The Jaquins are a cross between a jaguar and a macaw. Aside from their wings , they have feathers on the back of their legs and on the end of their tails.