Of all the ancient civilizations that once flourished in Mesoamerica, the Maya are undoubtedly the most well-known. Around 2600 B.C., they made their first appearance in the Yucatán region of what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras. They grew to prominence around the year 250 A.D. in these areas.
Chiapas and Yucatán, both of which are now a part of southern Mexico, as well as parts of Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, as well as Nicaragua, were all occupied by the Mayan civilisation at one point or another. Maya communities can be found in the same location even in the modern day.
The Mesoamerican cultural area, which encompasses a territory that stretches from the north of Mexico all the way down into Central America, was the setting for the development of the Maya civilisation. Mesoamerica is considered to be one of the world’s six ″cradles of civilisation.″
The Maya were centered in one geographical block, in contrast to other indigenous populations of Mesoamerica that were dispersed throughout the region. This block included the entire Yucatan Peninsula as well as modern-day Guatemala, Belize, and parts of the states of Tabasco and Chiapas in Mexico, as well as the western portion of Honduras and El Salvador.
The Maya are currently estimated to have a population of around six million people, making them the biggest single group of indigenous peoples found north of Peru. Mexico is home to many of the most populous Maya communities, the most notable of which being the Yucatecs (with an estimated population of 300,000), the Tzotzil (120,000), and the Tzeltal (80,000).
The Yucatec language, also known as Maya or Yucatec Maya, is an American Indian language of the Mayan family that is spoken in the Yucatán Peninsula. This region includes a portion of Mexico in addition to Belize and northern Guatemala.
Tikal was the most populous Mayan city at its peak between the years 200 and 900 AD, when its population was believed to range between 100,000 and 200,000 people. There are six enormous temple pyramids to be found at Tikal. The tallest structure, known as Temple-pyramid IV, stands around 73 meters (230 feet) tall and was completed in the year 720 AD.
Mexico is the location of the Mayan civilisation’s oldest and biggest known structure, which was erected by the Mayan people. It is a massive elevated platform that is 1.4 kilometers in length and is given the name Aguada Fénix.
The Maya often organized their urban planning around plaza groupings, which consisted of clusters of buildings arranged around a central square. Both the larger public structures in the city center, like as temples and palaces, and the more intimate residential neighborhoods shared this characteristic.
Stone and mud were the materials most commonly used to construct the walls of homes. Their roofs were made of thatch. Mayan homes were typically circular in plan and had only one room. Everyone from the family would live and sleep in the same space.
In addition to vegetables like beans and squashes, maize was the primary staple item in their diet. Potatoes and a very fine grain known as quinoa were two of the most prevalent crops cultivated by the Incas. Along with a vast range of fruits, the Aztecs and Maya were known to choose avocados and tomatoes as their primary sources of nutrition.
The Maya were a race of people that had dark complexion, dark eyes, and straight black hair; yet, the Maya believed that what made a person physically attractive was not the way in which they were born but rather a long sloping forehead and slightly crossed eyes.