The weapon was used by different civilisations including the Aztec (Mexicas), Maya , Mixtec and Toltec.
|In service||Classic to Post-Classic stage (900–1570)|
|Used by||Mesoamerican civilizations, including Aztecs Indian auxiliaries of Spain|
The Maya Military Members of the highest ruling class often were military and spiritual leaders of the cities and their capture during battles was a key element of military strategy. It is believed that many of the cities, especially the larger ones, had large, well-trained armies available for attack and defense.
Weapons & Armour Aztec warriors, who were taught from childhood in weapons handling, were expert users of clubs , bows , spears , and darts . Protection from the enemy was provided via round shields (chimalli) and, more rarely, helmets . Clubs or swords ( macuahuitl ) were studded with fragile but super-sharp obsidian blades.
These materials and of course with the help of the Mayan civilization led to the creation of tools that include various sizes and shapes of chisels, gouges, adzes, axes , and hoes .
After assembling a record-setting 154 radiocarbon dates, the researchers have been able to develop a highly precise chronology that illuminates the patterns that led up to the two collapses that the Maya civilization experienced: the Preclassic collapse, in the second century A.D., and the more well-known Classic
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .
The Maya have lived in Central America for many centuries. They are one of the many Precolumbian native peoples of Mesoamerica . In the past and today they occupy Guatemala, adjacent portions of Chiapas and Tabasco, the whole of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, and the western edges of Honduras and Salvador.
The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery . Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves .
The Maya warriors protected themselves with shields of wood and feathers. The Maya also used bows and arrows to defend themselves at war. The arrows were made out of wooden shafts and rock points. The Maya troops wore many feathers at war.
The fighting was very fierce , but Aztecs tried to wound or captured their enemies rather than kill them . When the Aztec’s general decided that the battle was won. Messengers were sent to call on their opponents to surrender. Once the enemy surrendered, a peace treaty was drawn up which listed the amount of tribute.
For the Aztecs, deities of particular importance are the rain god Tlaloc ; Huitzilopochtli , patron of the Mexica tribe; Quetzalcoatl , the feathered serpent and god of wind and learning; and Tezcatlipoca , the shrewd, elusive god of destiny and fortune.
Aztec society was hierarchical and divided into clearly defined classes. The nobility dominated the key positions in the military, state administration, judiciary, and priesthood. There was a limited opportunity for individuals to better their social position, especially in the military and religious spheres.
Do The Maya Still Exist ? Descendants of the Maya still live in Central America in modern-day Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and parts of Mexico. The majority of them live in Guatemala, which is home to Tikal National Park, the site of the ruins of the ancient city of Tikal.
For the Maya , who did not have metal tools, obsidian (or volcanic glass ) was highly valued because of its sharp edges for use as cutting instruments. The shift in trade might have involved more than obsidian.