No, not if by “the Aztecs ” we mean the Aztec Empire, before the Spaniards came. There were Aztec garrisons on the Maya frontier, and very likely plans to attack.
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico . Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico . They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru , and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico .
Both the Maya and Aztecs controlled regions of what is now Mexico. The Aztecs led a more brutal, warlike lifestyle, with frequent human sacrifices, whereas the Maya favoured scientific endeavours such as mapping the stars.
By 1521 the Spanish had conquered the Aztecs . They tore down much of the city of Tenochtitlan and built their own city on the site called Mexico City. The Maya civilization began as early as 2000 BC and continued to have a strong presence in Mesoamerica for over 3000 years until the Spanish arrived in 1519 AD.
There is a degree of overlap between all of them. The Aztecs were still present as well as Incas in the 1500s. The Mayans still exist today, however they left their cities long before we showed up. The archaeological record has some very odd things to point out however.
The Aztecs sacrificed human beings atop their sacred pyramids not simply for religious reasons but because they had to eat people to obtain protein needed in their diet, a New York anthropologist has suggested.
Aztec Pyramids The Aztecs , who lived in the Mexican valley between the 12th and 16th centuries, also built pyramids in order to house and honor their deities.
Many matured into advanced pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations such as the: Olmec , Izapa, Teotihuacan, Maya, Zapotec , Mixtec , Huastec , Purépecha, Totonac , Toltec , and Aztec, which flourished for nearly 4,000 years before the first contact with Europeans.
In addition to slicing out the hearts of victims and spilling their blood on temple altars, the Aztecs likely also practiced a form of ritual cannibalism. An Atztec human sacrifice atop the Mesoamerican temple pyramid.
The Aztecs additionally had landless serfs and slaves . Serfs worked land that was owned by nobles and did not live in the calpulli. Individuals became slaves (tlacotin) as a form of punishment for certain crimes or for failure to pay tribute. Prisoners of war who were not used as human sacrifices became slaves .
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
In addition to North America’s Native American populations, the Mayan and Incan civilizations were also nearly wiped out by smallpox. And other European diseases, such as measles and mumps, also took substantial tolls – altogether reducing some indigenous populations in the new world by 90 percent or more .
During the siege, around 100 Spaniards lost their lives compared to as many as 100,000 Aztec .