The Toltecs were a Mesoamerican people who preceded the Aztecs and existed between 800 and 1000 CE.
: a member of a people that dominated central and southern Mexico prior to the Aztecs.
The advent of the Toltecs marked the rise of militarism in Mesoamerica. They also were noted as builders and craftsmen and have been credited with the creation of fine metalwork, monumental porticoes, serpent columns, gigantic statues, carved human and animal standard-bearers, and peculiar reclining Chac Mool figures.
Originally, there was a majority consensus that the Toltecs militarily exerted power over the Maya and conquered them. This caused a shift in their architectural style, which creates the Toltec – Maya incongruity within the construction of Chichen Itza.
The Toltec religion surrounded two gods . The first god was Quetzlcoatl, the plumed serpent god. Quetzlcoatl represented many ideas, including, but not limited to, learning, fertility, holiness, gentility, culture, philosophy, as well as good. The second god in the religion was Tezcatlipoca , the smoked mirror.
The Maya have lived in Central America for many centuries. They are one of the many Precolumbian native peoples of Mesoamerica. In the past and today they occupy Guatemala, adjacent portions of Chiapas and Tabasco, the whole of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, and the western edges of Honduras and Salvador.
Not hard, nor complicated
The Toltec culture (/ˈtɒltɛk/) is a pre-Colombian Mesoamerican culture that ruled a state centered in Tula , Hidalgo, Mexico in the early post-classic period of Mesoamerican chronology (ca.
The Aztecs, who lived in the Mexican valley between the 12th and 16th centuries, also built pyramids in order to house and honor their deities. The warrior Toltecs conquered the region around 1200 and rebuilt the pyramid as their ceremonial center.
Mysterious Decline of the Maya From the late eighth through the end of the ninth century, something unknown happened to shake the Maya civilization to its foundations. One by one, the Classic cities in the southern lowlands were abandoned, and by A.D. 900, Maya civilization in that region had collapsed.
When the Aztecs saw an eagle perched on a cactus on the marshy land near the southwest border of Lake Texcoco, they took it as a sign to build their settlement there.
Origins & Spread. The Toltecs had roots in the Tolteca- Chichimeca people, who, during the 9th century CE, had migrated from the deserts of the north-west to Culhuacan in the Valley of Mexico .
Between 1800 and 300 BC, complex cultures began to form. Many matured into advanced pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations such as the: Olmec , Izapa, Teotihuacan, Maya , Zapotec, Mixtec, Huastec, Purépecha, Totonac, Toltec , and Aztec , which flourished for nearly 4,000 years before the first contact with Europeans.