Maya Ruins in Guatemala Tikal . Tikal in Guatemala’s Petén region is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the country’s largest Maya site, with more than 3,000 ruins dotting the jungle-clad Tikal National Park . Yaxha . Aguateca. El Mirador. Quirigua . Iximche. Mixco Viejo.
Tikal is a complex of Mayan ruins deep in the rainforests of northern Guatemala. Tikal , or Yax Mutal, was an important city in the empire of the Maya from 200 to 900 A.D. The Mayan ruins have been part of a national park in Guatemala since the 1960s, and in 1979 they were named a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Along with other Maya cities, Tikal went into gradual decline during the 8th century CE, and by around 900 CE the site had been abandoned . The city, including its towering temples, was eventually reclaimed by the jungle and would only be rediscovered in the mid-19th century CE.
Entrance Costs to the Tikal Mayan Ruins The cost of entrance to the Tikal Mayan ruins is 150Q, which is totally worth it . The PARK IS MASSIVE, so it’s well worth the money you pay.
Locating the Maya Unlike other scattered indigenous populations of Mesoamerica, the Maya were centered in one geographical block covering all of the Yucatan Peninsula and modern-day Guatemala ; Belize and parts of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas and the western part of Honduras and El Salvador.
Avoid areas outside of major roads and highways in the Guatemala Department and listed zones in Guatemala City. Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas. Violent crime, such as armed robbery and murder, is common. Gang activity, such as extortion, violent street crime, and narcotics trafficking, is widespread.
Guatemala is best known for its volcanic landscape, fascinating Mayan culture and the colorful colonial city of Antigua, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But this small Central American country has a wealth of homegrown produce and talent.
In the ninth century A.D., the Maya abandoned the great city of Tikal after hundreds of years of prosperity and expansion. Commonly cited explanations for Tikal’s downfall center on a confluence of overpopulation, overexploitation of the surrounding landscape and a spate of withering megadroughts.
Visit Tikal Tikal National Park is open daily for visits from 6:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Adult tickets for foreigners cost 150 GTQ (about $20 USD). Children under 12 can enter Tikal free of charge . Visiting Uaxactun costs an additional 50 GTQ.
Highlights of Tikal Mayan Ruins The entire UNESCO World Heritage Site of Tikal is impressive but perhaps the most spectacular attraction is the city’s Great Plaza, home to palaces, ceremonial buildings, stelae, carved altars, and the two giant pyramids known today as Temple I and Temple II.
How did the ancient Maya adapt to this? The Puuc lacks a water source—there are no lakes, rivers, or springs in the region. The ancient Maya built a sophisticated rainwater collection system. This system supplied inhabitants with enough water for several months.
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The Mayans developed a hierarchical government ruled by kings and priests. They lived in independent city-states consisting of rural communities and large urban ceremonial centers. They practiced human sacrifice and would often raid other communities to obtain victims.