There are hundreds of Mayan ruins throughout Mexico, Belize, Honduras and Guatemala, but the Yucatan Peninsula (where Tulum , Playa del Carmen and Cancun are) have some of the most impressive ruins.
Top 15 Mayan Ruins & Archeological Sites To Visit In Mexico Chichen Itza Mayan Ruins. Coastal Ruins Of Tulum . Maya Ruins Of Coba . Palenque . Calakmul Mayan Ruins. Monte Alban. Teotihuacan. Ek Balam .
Drought would have hit cities like Tikal–where rainwater was necessary for drinking as well as for crop irrigation–especially hard. All three of these factors– overpopulation and overuse of the land, endemic warfare and drought–may have played a part in the downfall of the Maya in the southern lowlands.
To answer your question though – yes, the ruins are safe . Chichen Itza is a bit of a trek (3 hours drive each way) and being inland in the jungle, it can be extremely hot there. Tulum is much closer and the setting is spectacular (the ruins are on top of a cliff).
If you prefer to go on your own with no guide, the cost of entrance is just 80 pesos = $3-4 USD. Because the ruins are a little removed from the parking lot, a folkloric train is available to take you to the entrance and is another 20 pesos = $1 USD per person.
The pyramids and temples are common at most of the ancient Mayan sites around Yucatan and Quintana Roo but to prevent injury and damage to them many are roped off and you can ‘t climb . There are though 3 that you can climb . Coba, Uxmal and one in Izamal.
Read more: 7 of Mexico’s best ruins, and how you can see them. Tulum , Mexico. Tulum , Mexico. Copan, Honduras. Copan, Honduras. Tikal, Guatemala. Tikal, Guatemala. Xunantunich, Belize. Xunantunich, Belize. Palenque, Mexico. Palenque, Mexico.
Tikal Temple IV
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
To scientists, it’s something more: evidence of the drought that is suspected to have led to the demise of the Mayan civilization. They found that the ratio of titanium to aluminum changed in the ninth and 10th centuries, a period when the Mayan civilization in the Yucatan Peninsula went into decline.
Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice .