Today Quetzalcoatl is arguably the best known Aztec deity, and is often thought to have been the principal Aztec god. Civilizations worshiping the Feathered Serpent included the Mixtec, Toltec, Aztec , who adopted it from the people of Teotihuacan, and the Maya.
In the Postclassic period (900–1519 AD), the worship of the feathered-serpent deity centred in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula. In the Maya area he was approximately equivalent to Kukulkan and Gukumatz, names that also roughly translate as “feathered serpent” in different Mayan languages.
Quetzalcóatl was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca , Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc.
As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. With his companion Xolotl , a dog-headed god, he was said to have descended to the underground hell of Mictlan to gather the bones of the ancient dead.
However, according to legendary accounts, Quetzalcoatl was banished from Tula after committing transgressions while under the influence of a rival. During his exile, he embarked upon an epic journey through southern Mexico, where he visited many independent kingdoms.
Quetzalcoatl emerged from the sun and flew around the world, feeling the beauty, feeling the freedom of life and love. As he looked down, he saw the cave where he had spent his whole life and thought about the other beings in the world who were suffering like he once did.
Many contemporary Aztecs continue to worship and make offerings to the ancient earth gods that they address as “Grandfather” and “Grandmother” [see photographs 14-15]. Another significant god for the ancients was Ehecatl- Quetzalcoatl (“Wind-Quetzal Feathered Serpent”).
Quetzalcoatl (Aztec god, Defenders foe) Powers/Abilities: Quetzalcoatl possesses the conventional powers of the Mexican Gods. He has superhuman strength (Class 50 perhaps) and endurance plus mystical abilities enabling him to fly and command ambient elemental energies, such as having control over the air and wind.
The worship of Quetzalcoatl sometimes included animal sacrifices, and in other traditions Quetzalcoatl was said to oppose human sacrifice. Mesoamerican priests and kings would sometimes take the name of a deity they were associated with, so Quetzalcoatl and Kukulcan are also the names of historical persons.
The historical Quetzalcoatl was probably born around AD 947. His father, Mixcoatl, was ruler of the Toltecs.
The Mayan Pantheon: Gods and Goddesses – Itzamná This is one of the most important gods of the Mayan Gods. – Chaac . This is the famous Maya rain god. – Ix Chel . Ix Chel is known as La Blanca and is one of the most important goddesses in the vast Maya Pantheon. – Kinich Ahau . – Hun Nal Ye. – Ah Puch . – Ek Chuah. – Kukulcán God.
Maya mythology describes serpents as being the vehicles by which celestial bodies, such as the sun and stars, cross the heavens. The shedding of their skin made them a symbol of rebirth and renewal. They were so revered, that one of the main Mesoamerican deities, Quetzalcoatl, was represented as a feathered serpent .