Right on the Yucatán Peninsula sits one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico, Chichen Itza . When many think of Mayan pyramids in Mexico, the dominating El Castillo , a 30-meter tall step-pyramid, comes to mind. Chichen Itza is one of the Mexican ruins near Cancun , so it makes an easy day trip.
The Best of Mayan and Aztec Ruins Chichen Itza. This is probably one of the country’s most famous historical sites. Tenochtitlan. Tenochtitlan was the capital city and centre of the Aztec civilisation, active from 1325 to 1521. Uxmal Ruins . Uxmal, which means thrice built, is an impressive set of ruins located across a 150-acre site. Tulum Ruins . Pelenque.
Top 15 Mayan Ruins & Archeological Sites To Visit In Mexico Chichen Itza Mayan Ruins. Coastal Ruins Of Tulum . Maya Ruins Of Coba . Palenque . Calakmul Mayan Ruins. Monte Alban. Teotihuacan. Ek Balam .
Read more: 7 of Mexico’s best ruins, and how you can see them. Tulum , Mexico. Tulum , Mexico. Copan, Honduras. Copan, Honduras. Tikal, Guatemala. Tikal, Guatemala. Xunantunich, Belize. Xunantunich, Belize. Palenque, Mexico. Palenque, Mexico.
The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD.
Tikal Temple IV
the Pyramid of the Sun
In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico . Next came the Olmecs , who also settled Mexico . They didn’t build any major cities, but they were widespread and prosperous. They were followed by the Inca in modern-day Peru , and finally the Aztecs, also in modern-day Mexico .
To answer your question though – yes, the ruins are safe . Chichen Itza is a bit of a trek (3 hours drive each way) and being inland in the jungle, it can be extremely hot there. Tulum is much closer and the setting is spectacular (the ruins are on top of a cliff).
The access fee is $35- 40 pesos (video cameras extra $30 pesos) and the visit timetable is 8 am to 5 pm, everyday. It is important to mention that it is necessary to park the your car at the shopping center’s parking lot (an extra $30 pesos fee) when arriving through the main ruins entrance.
The 3 sites you should visit in this area are: Chichen Itza , Izamal and Dzibilchaltun . If you stay near or in Progreso, [Reef Club], then you should visit Extempo. Chichen Itza is by far the most popular and most visited of all the ruin sites. This is due to its proximity to Cancun and the Riviera.
The first type of pyramid had a temple on the top and was meant to be climbed by the priests to make sacrifices to the gods. The stairs going up the sides of these pyramids were steep, but not too steep for the priests to climb. The most important religious ceremonies were held at the top of these pyramids .