Limestone is one of the most abundant stone resources over much of the Maya lowlands and scholarly research has been focused on its use as a construction material. Limestone was also used to create a variety of portable items, such as manos, metates, bark beaters, and bifaces.
Top limestone quarries used were Palenque and Tikal. Though limestone was the most important material, they still collected sandstone from Quiriguá and volcanic tuff from Copan. The Mayan people had taken advantage of mortar on most structural projects.
Maya architects used readily available local materials, such as limestone at Palenque and Tikal, sandstone at Quiriguá, and volcanic tuff at Copan. Blocks were cut using stone tools only. Burnt-lime cement was used to create a form of concrete and was occasionally used as mortar, as was simple mud.
Maya stelae were worked with stone chisels and probably with wooden mallets. Hammerstones were fashioned from flint and basalt and were used for shaping the softer rocks used to make stelae, while fine detail was completed with smaller chisels.
The Maya used stucco plaster to create large masks and portraits of both the gods and the kings.
For the Mayan Housing the most common form of housing was walls made of stone or mud. These huts were covered with hay providing protection from things such as rain and snow. These homes usually had one or two sets of stairs usually long and wide.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist , and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died.
They each were built for religious purposes and for the gods. However, they had their differences as well. The first type of pyramid had a temple on the top and was meant to be climbed by the priests to make sacrifices to the gods. The most important religious ceremonies were held at the top of these pyramids.
Like the Mayan pyramids, their temples were important because of their ritual value. The Mayans never did find a balance between the two(Stierlin 99). Mayan temples , similar to those of the Aztecs, normally housed altars or stone platforms where the priests would perform thier sacrificial rituals to their god.