With between 166 and 250 named gods, the Mayans had a complex and changeable pantheon.
Female power was also venerated in ancient times, as portrayed by these kickass goddesses from around the world. 1) Kali. 2) Sekhmet. 3) Ishtar. 4) Hecate. 5) Izanami-no-Mikoto. 6) The Morrigan. 7) Papatūānuku. 8) Tiamat.
Ixchel , also spelled Ix Chel , Mayan moon goddess . Ixchel was the patroness of womanly crafts but was often depicted as an evil old woman and had unfavorable aspects. She may have been a manifestation of the god Itzamná.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Another aspect of Maya blood sacrifice involved ritual bloodletting. In the Popol Vuh, the first Maya pierced their skin to offer blood to the gods Tohil , Avilix , and Hacavitz.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of beauty, love, and sexuality. She is sometimes known as the Cyprian because there was a cult center of Aphrodite on Cyprus. Aphrodite is the mother of the god of love, Eros. She is the wife of the ugliest of the gods, Hephaestus .
Gods and Goddesses The most powerful of all, Zeus was god of the sky and the king of Mount Olympus. Hera was goddess of marriage and the queen of Olympus. Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty, and the protector of sailors. Artemis was the goddess of the hunt and the protector of women in childbirth.
Ixchel as an earth and a war goddess An entwined serpent serves as Ixchel’s headdress, crossed bones may adorn her skirt, and instead of human hands and feet, she sometimes has claws. Very similar features are found with Aztec earth goddesses, of whom Tlaltecuhtli, Tocî, and Cihuacoatl were invoked by the midwives.
Maize was so important to the ancient Mayans that it even had spiritual and religious significance. According to Maya mythology, human beings were created from maize : white corn was used for the bones, yellow corn for the muscles, black corn for the eyes and hair, and red corn for the blood.
The Mayans religion involved several aspects of nature, astronomy and rituals. Most Gods represented a form in nature, for example, Sun God , Kinih Ahous, or Maize God , Yum Kaax . The Mayans were known for their calenders and astronomical buildings. These were used during their religious rituals.
The Maya , Aztec, and Inca civilizations ate simple food. Corn (maize) was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squash. Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas.
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.