The Mayan Pantheon: Gods and Goddesses Itzamna . Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. Yum Kaax. A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods. Maize God. Hunab Ku. Kinich Ahau. Ix Chel. Chaac. Kukulkan.
The Mayans religion involved several aspects of nature, astronomy and rituals. Most Gods represented a form in nature, for example, Sun God, Kinih Ahous, or Maize God, Yum Kaax. These were used during their religious rituals. Similar to the Egyptians, the Mayans built Pyramid like temples for religious reasons.
In Norse mythology, for example, Sol (also called Sunna) is the goddess of the sun , while her brother, Mani, is the god of the moon. Female Sun Deities.
|God or Goddess?||Sun God|
|Notes||Before Apollo was the Greek sun god , Helios held that position.|
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Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
Most Maya today observe a religion composed of ancient Maya ideas, animism and Catholicism. Some Maya still believe, for example, that their village is the ceremonial centre of a world supported at its four corners by gods.
One of the two stepbrothers of the Hero Twins (the other being Hun-Batz) he is depicted as a howler monkey. Along with his brother, he is the patron god of artists and writers. While Gucumatz was the most popular god, Hunab-Ku is considered the supreme deity of the pantheon of the Maya, known as `Sole God’.
According to some myths Surya is the son of Kasyapa (a Vedic sage) and Aditi (Infinite Heavens), in others he is the offspring of Dyaus (Sky), and in still others his father is Brahma . Surya had three offspring with Samjna (Conscience), the daughter of Visvakarma.
Solar . The Egyptians often referred to the sun and the moon as the ” eyes ” of particular gods . The right eye of the god Horus, for instance, was equated with the sun , and his left eye equated with the moon. However, in Egyptian belief, many terms and concepts are fluid, so the sun could also be called the ” Eye of Horus”