The ancient Maya never used coins as money . Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.
The Maya built pyramids, temples, palaces, walls , residences and more. They often decorated their buildings with intricate stone carvings, stucco statues, and paint.
Merchants traded cacao beans throughout Mesoamerica not only in the Maya lands but also to the Olmec , Zapotec , Aztecs and elsewhere. Merchants also traded in raw materials including jade, copper, gold, granite, marble, limestone and wood.
Currency. The Maya used several different mediums of exchange and in the trading of food commodities, the barter system was typically used for large orders. Cacao beans were used for everyday exchange in Postclassic times. For more expensive purchases gold, jade and copper were used as a means of exchange .
Commoners had to pay taxes in order to support the king and the nobles. Commoners were forbidden from wearing the clothing or symbols of the nobles. The city-state government of the Maya was similar in many ways to the government of the Ancient Greeks.
The varying positions of the Mayan people included government figureheads and officials, priests, professionals, merchants, farmers , artists , and
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
Several Spanish expeditions followed in 1517 and 1519, making landfall on various parts of the Yucatán coast. The Spanish conquest of the Maya was a prolonged affair; the Maya kingdoms resisted integration into the Spanish Empire with such tenacity that their defeat took almost two centuries.
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Maya developed one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They developed a written language of hieroglyphs and invented the mathematical concept of zero. With their expertise in astronomy and mathematics, the Maya developed a complex and accurate calendar system.
They slept in hammocks strung up in the houses during the rainy season; weather permitting, hammocks were also used outdoors. Many Maya continue to live in houses similar to those in which their ancestors lived.
The Mayans invented chocolate insofar as they were the first civilization to make a beverage from the beans of the cacao tree.
The Mayan religion was Polytheist , and they worshiped more than 165 Gods. The Gods were human-like. The Gods were born, grew up and died.