Place of Fright
One of the two stepbrothers of the Hero Twins (the other being Hun-Batz) he is depicted as a howler monkey. Along with his brother, he is the patron god of artists and writers. While Gucumatz was the most popular god, Hunab-Ku is considered the supreme deity of the pantheon of the Maya, known as `Sole God’.
Thanatos – the god of Death in Greek mythology. King Yama – judge the dead and preside over Narakas.
There was no specific founder of the Mayan religion , but the most important people/beings in their religion were the gods. There were over 165 of them and they were human-like: living, dying, and doing human-like activities. Mayan rulers were also important.
Scholars have suggested a number of potential reasons for the downfall of Maya civilization in the southern lowlands, including overpopulation, environmental degradation, warfare, shifting trade routes and extended drought. It’s likely that a complex combination of factors was behind the collapse.
The Mayans religion involved several aspects of nature, astronomy and rituals. Most Gods represented a form in nature, for example, Sun God, Kinih Ahous, or Maize God, Yum Kaax . The Mayans were known for their calenders and astronomical buildings.
Another aspect of Maya blood sacrifice involved ritual bloodletting. In the Popol Vuh, the first Maya pierced their skin to offer blood to the gods Tohil , Avilix , and Hacavitz.
The evil god Whiro is often confused with a hero of the same name: Whiro the voyager. Lilith: Female Demon of Jewish Folklore. Loviatar: Finnish Goddess of Death, Pain, and Disease. Apophis: Evil God of Chaos in Ancient Egypt. Lamashtu: Worst of The Mesopotamian Evil Gods .
To the Aztecs , death was instrumental in the perpetuation of creation, and gods and humans alike had the responsibility of sacrificing themselves in order to allow life to continue.
In Mayan mythology, the jaguar was seen as the ruler of the Underworld, and as such, a symbol of the night sun and darkness. The jaguar is representative of power, ferocity, and valor; he is the embodiment of aggressiveness. For some, the jaguar represents the power to face one’s fears, or to confront one’s enemies.
The oldest living wild male jaguars were estimated to be 16, 19, and 20 years, and the oldest wild female jaguar 13 years old. The mean lifespan (mean age of 10% most long-lived individuals) for jaguars was 13.6 years (±1.4; 95% CI).
Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans , sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king. He is also known in the Mayan codices as God G and is shown in many carvings on Mayan pyramids.